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Adhd

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Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, also known as ADHD and Hyperkinetic Disorder, is a very commonly diagnosed disorder in young children. The psychiatric community has come under great scrutiny for over diagnosing ADHD when in fact the true problem is a lack of discipline. True cases of ADHD are less common, but can be very serious and require attention and constant treatment and monitoring.

ADHD SYMPTOMS

A child who may be exhibiting signs of ADHD must exhibit symptoms for a period of six months or longer that exceeds expectations for their age and intelligence. Symptoms of ADHD include symptoms such as excessive forgetfulness, failure to acknowledge those who speak to him due to constant distraction, failure to finish tasks, makes repeated careless errors, chronically loses items which are important, fails to follow through on directed tasks due to distraction, and failure to sustain enjoyable activities. Children also must exhibit an inability to sit still, to resist impulses, and can not control their desires, which often leads to serious behavioral outbursts. These symptoms must take place in more than one setting before diagnosis of ADHD is accurate.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Image: ADHD


Boys are more affected by ADHD than girls. Brain injuries at birth or trauma during delivery or soon after can contribute to the risks of ADHD, as can genetic factors, typically genetic links from a male relative passed onto a male relative.

ADHD DIAGNOSIS

The screening and diagnosis factors for ADHD are long and extensive, which is how it should be. Immediate diagnosis of ADHD should be countered with a second opinion. Doctors will evaluate the child’s history, the child’s past mental health history, observe behaviors, and scrutinize any medical factors which may be contributing to the behavior, family history, and educational history. All of these factors are reviewed, assessed, and the child is interviewed several times in a psychiatric setting. Parental interviews are becoming more popular since the scrutiny over the over diagnosis of ADHD has been prove to be symptoms of a lack of discipline in young children. Cases where the parents have been interviewed do not necessarily mean the ADHD is not real, but determining one from the other and taking in other physical factors such as seizures, hearing problems, and prolonged sleep deprivation can cause symptoms that reflect ADHD.

Untreated ADHD can lead to serious behavioral complications including violent behaviors and acting out which can injure themselves, siblings, or parents. Children with untreated ADHD can be placed in special education classes and in some cases, expelled from school. As adults they will typically find themselves unable to retain employment, hold relationships, and often end up in jail. Effective treatment of ADHD is very important.

ADHD TREATMENT

There are various treatments for ADHD, some of which include chemical therapies including Ritalin, and other less invasive treatments. Neuro-bio feedback has produced incredible results in children with ADHD without the use of medication. Parents and teachers need to create situations where the child is likely to succeed and reward positive behavior. Removing distractions and working individually with them to increase their attention span is vital. Positive and negative reinforcement is a key development in teaching ADHD to manage their own behavior.

Treatments for ADHD also include various therapies. Cognitive therapy, social therapy, and educational management is part of treating ADHD. Educating parents is truly the biggest key factors in successful ADHD treatment. Parents of ADHD children need to be taught effective ADHD management tools and effective behavioral management plans. Parents who can reflect back to ADHD children appropriate behaviors and self management skills can slowly allow the child to negotiate ADHD effectively by himself.


Teaching children over a period of time to recognize their behavior and to self manage is the ultimate goal. This takes time, usually over the course of many years, but children are capable of developing a sense of self esteem and the ability to control their own impulses with constant and effective management. A great number of ADHD children outgrow their symptoms, although that is not the case with every child. Children who do not outgrow their symptoms need to continue treatment throughout their adult years.

ADHD IN ADULTS

Adults with ADHD need to be taught the negative consequences for not managing their treatment. Many adults with ADHD who retain their own treatments are able to function in society with few ADHD related issues. Those who refuse to manage their own therapies often find themselves in trouble or hospitalized until treatment returns.

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