are marginally rare, one of the few diseases that some physicians can go through an entire career without witnessing, but well known enough to be diagnosable and treatable by nearly any physician who witnesses one. Researchers are constantly looking at new and improved methods of blood
BLOOD DISORDERS SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
The onset of a blood disorder may present itself with numerous symptoms, some of which can be cleared up with treatment and others that will linger to varying degrees once treatment has commenced. Symptoms of a blood disorder may include swelling
of the joints
, internal bleeding, easy bruising, bloody urine, bloody stools, prolonged bleeding after cuts, surgical procedures, or tooth
removal, spontaneous nose
bleeds, or tightness of the joints.
BLOOD DISORDERS CAUSES
A variety of factors can cause blood disorders. It is not uncommon for those undergoing chemotherapy or radiation treatments to develop a blood disorder in response to the chemicals. Bone
marrow illnesses or cancers can cause other blood disorders. The overuse of recreational drugs, chemical exposure, pregnancy complications, viral infections
, chromosomal issues, and heredity can often cause or influence blood disorders. Nearly half of all blood disorders can not be linked to a specific causative factor.
Image: Blood vessels
BLOOD DISORDERS RISK FACTOR
Risk factors for the development of blood disorders include high dose radiation treatments, drug use, chemical exposure, certain prescription medications, inhalants used to get high like gasoline, nail polish, and paint thinner, pregnancy with various risk factors, genetic links, and toxic exposure in foods, drinks, or other consumable items. Not all blood disorders include the same risk factors.
BLOOD DISORDERS DIAGNOSIS
Blood tests and bone marrow analysis are the two most common form of diagnosing blood disorders. Some blood disorders that rely on family history factors can be tested for while the child is still in the uterus
. Other blood disorders are not tested for until after symptoms arise. Blood test may evaluate the blood’s ability to clot, the platelet count, the number of white blood cells
, proteins, antibodies, and the blood’s thickness in order to determine if a blood disorder is present.
BLOOD DISORDERS SIDE EFFECTS
Blood disorders can lead to serious complications. Fatigue, internal bleeding, joint
damage, infection, adverse reaction to therapies, hemorrhaging, and the inability to fight infection are just a few. The blood is the body’s carrier of basic life necessities through the body. Without the ability to function properly, there is a risk of nearly every organ being adversely affected, depending on the specific disorder. Some blood disorders, such as sickle cell disease can be very painful.
BLOOD DISORDERS TREATMENT
Treatment options vary by disease. Of course, some blood disorders or diseases are much more intensive to treat than others. Anemia
can be treated with iron supplementation while the causative factor is discovered. Aplastic anemia
is usually treated with blood transfusions.
Immunosuppressants can treat autoimmune related blood disorders while hormonal injection and plasma
infusions can be a treatment option for hemophilia
. Bone marrow transplants, bone marrow stimulants, antibiotics, and chemically engineered blood products which are added to the deficient blood can be treatment options for various blood disorders.
BLOOD DISORDERS PREVENTION
Most blood disorders also weaken the immune system and prevent the patient from effectively fighting off infection. Blood disorders can prevent children from having the freedom to go outside to play or adults from living a healthy and active lifestyle. Blood disorders can keep the patient from feeling healthy and forcing them to live in chronic illness and exhaustion. Blood disorders can affect every aspect of daily living.
Optimum nutrition, ample rest, and a supportive environment go a long way in coping with a blood disorder. Patients who know about the latest developments in treatment options and the research being done as it relates to their disease are able to make better, more informed decisions about their care. Exercising as able can provide a solid base for coping and self care, however some blood disorders require the patient to avoid exercise. Good dental care is invaluable at preventive serious infectious diseases
. Blood disorders should not be kept a secret, especially when children are afflicted. By allowing relationships in a child’s life to flourish, a support system can be built that allows the child to play, and yet can keep the child safe. Following physician advice, asking questions, and maintaining a safe and healthy environment are the best proactive methods of dealing with a blood disorder.