Type 1 Diabetes
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Type 1 Diabetes is a form of Diabetes that is most common in young patients. Unlike Type 2 Diabetes, this form is characterized by non-production of insulin. Normally, a person with Type 1 Diabetes has an immune system that tackles insulin produced by the body. Their pancreas may not also work right in producing insulin in the body. As such, they need regular insulin supply from an outside source to help them regulate their blood sugar levels.

Insulin resistance, on the other hand, characterizes type 2 Diabetes. This means that the body produces insulin (the hormone needed to break down glucose and starches into energy) but the system do not use it properly.


Type 1 Diabetes is a chronic disease. Once you have it, you have it forever. However, medication treatments available made it possible for diabetics to have a better quality of life even with the disease around. Unlike in olden times, it is easier to manage with Diabetes nowadays.


The signs and symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes are similar to that of Type 2 Diabetes. Frequent urination, fatigue, excessive thirst, increased appetite, abdominal pain, and absence of menstruation are just some of the most common. Frequent urination and excessive thirst can be accounted to the fact that people with Diabetes often has kidneys that work double time in response to a high blood sugar level. Since you lose more fluids in urinating frequently and in large amounts, you crave for more liquid to maintain n ideal water level in the body.

Patients with Type 1 Diabetes also experience fatigue and the feeling of tiredness even when they do nothing. They also experience weight loss even with an increased appetite.


It is important for someone who is at high risk for Type 1 Diabetes to be diagnosed early. Detection during the onset of the disease controls the possible damage that it may bring. At times, diabetes hardly pose any symptoms. That’s why you must be extra vigilant to spot the problem early by keeping yourself closely monitored. That is of course, if you prove to be at high risk for the disease.


The exact cause of Type 1 Diabetes is not yet established. Experts theorize that an autoimmune disorder that is lifted from a viral infection triggers the attack in the pancreatic cells that produce insulin. But research and related studies on such a theory s well as the other theories about the origin of Type 1 Diabetes are still ongoing. Nothing that the experts have found are conclusive.
type 1 diabetes
Image: Type 1 diabetes

In some cases, Type 1 Diabetes is also associated with genetic make-ups. There are studies that show the development of the disease may be attributed to a combination of different genes.

Aside from hereditary factors, environmental factors are also sighted responsible for Type 1 Diabetes. Some viruses are said to cause this disease.

Type 1 Diabetes is one of the two more popular forms of Diabetes. While Type 2 is considered as a case of insulin resistance, Type 1 is mainly a case of insulin-dependence. Nothing can state whether one is more serious or more dangerous than the other. Both have the same probable effects on the significant organs of the body if left untreated.


Treatment for Type 1 Diabetes consists of significant lifestyle change and some help from medications. Having a healthy lifestyle characterized by proper and balanced diet and sufficient physical activity is said to be the way to beat up the disease. The immediate goals for such a treatment, especially in newly diagnosed patients is to control the blood sugar levels, keeping them within the ideal, and treating Diabetic Ketoacidosis.

Diabetic ketoacidosis is a complication of Type 1 Diabetes. In this case, fat is used s the energy source due to the absence of glucose. When that happens, ketones and acid build up in the blood. The condition Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs when more acid is building up in the blood. This condition often leads to the detection of Type 1 Diabetes.

Naturally, treatment for Type 1 Diabetes involves insulin injections along with diet, exercise, weight control, and education. Learning how to perform the needed tests to measure your glucose and ketones levels are also important if you have Type 1 Diabetes.

Doctors regularly prescribe insulin to be injected under the skin through a syringe. Insulin does not come in tablet or capsule form. You have to inject or pump it to get regular doses of it at specific intervals each day. Your insulin supply is determined by your health care professional. You must follow his prescriptions carefully to help you manage your condition well.

There are other treatments available for patients with Type 1 Diabetes. One is pancreatic transplant where your pancreas is replaced at around a short period of time after your kidney transplant.

Another treatment that is less invasive than pancreas transplantation is islet cell transplantation. In this case, islet cells are injected unto the liver, where they thrive and start producing insulin.

Such treatments may be applicable to your case or not, depending on your doctor’s impression.


There is nothing much that you can do to prevent Type 1 Diabetes from happening. Then again, you have everything in your power to keep it from damaging your quality of life. Adapting a healthy lifestyle and a positive outlook can help you out in managing this kind of condition.

Before anything else, make sure that a qualified physician is closely monitoring you. Although you can research a lot about Type 1 Diabetes everywhere else, you will still need some professional advice. That’s because, as with any condition, the symptoms and effects of Type 1 Diabetes is on a case-to-case basis. You must be given advice according to your condition.

Once you have sought help from a medical doctor, it is high time that you learn to follow all his guidelines for the treatment and management of your condition.

Until a potent cure or immunization for Type 1 Diabetes is found, you will have to settle with the regular approach. Not to worry, because research is continuously done to find a cure for this life-altering disease.
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Medication commonly used for these disease:

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