Type 2 Diabetes
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Diabetes is a common disease not just in the United States but worldwide as well. Of the two types of Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes is most common. Basically, it is the form of Diabetes that is insulin resistant. In this case, the body does not use insulin properly. Insulin is a vital hormone that plays a significant role in the body’s use of glucose. If it is not enough to control glucose, high blood sugar levels may occur, which can lead to the destruction of significant body organs such as your eyes, your heart, and your kidneys.


Previously, Type 2 Diabetes is found common only in adult patients. Recent studies, however, have shown a significant increase of infliction in young patients as a byproduct of climbing obesity rates.

Type 1 Diabetes, just to give you a short backgrounder, is a form of Diabetes where the body hardly produces insulin. It is the most common form that inflicts children and young adult. As such, it is often regarded as juvenile diabetes. Although this condition is serious, it is not as life threatening as Type 2 Diabetes.

The major difference between the two types, aside from occurring in different age groups, is that they have different ways of causing high blood sugar levels. In Type 1 Diabetes, the body does not produce insulin altogether. The person’s immune system usually attacks the pancreatic cells that produce the hormones. Thus, the patient would need regular insulin supply to be able to make use of the body’s glucose and other starches as energy. In case of Type 2 Diabetes, the body produces insulin; however, the body system does not make use of it in the proper way. As the body becomes resistant to insulin, the pancreatic cells that produce it works overtime to produce more until such time that they wear out and will no longer be able to produce enough insulin to control blood sugar levels.


Problems with the production and function of insulin in the body do not translate into Diabetes unless they are causing high blood sugar levels.

Type 2 Diabetes may take a longer period of time for the symptoms to become obvious. Sometimes, there are no symptoms at all. This is dangerous since management of the disease requires early detection and diagnosis. However, it must be noted that not everyone who are insulin resistant may develop Type 2 Diabetes. Only those who maintain high blood sugar levels for a period of time are pronounced as carriers of the disease.

Basically, people who may have Type 2 Diabetes may experience tiredness, frequent urination, and excessive thirst.

The first symptom is due to the fact that the glucose is not converted well into energy. Since insulin is not functioning well in breaking down the starches and glucose into energy, patients with Type 2 Diabetes would often feel tired.
type 2 diabetes
Image: Type 2 diabetes

Frequent urination, on the other hand, is due to the kidneys being overworked. The kidneys respond to high blood sugar levels by working double time. That causes you to urinate frequently and in larger volumes.

In relation to frequent urination, Type 2 Diabetes may cause you to become thirsty more often. As you urinate, you lose more liquids, which will make you crave for more fluids to keep the water level inside your body normal.

Some children and young adults who have Type 2 Diabetes also develop thick and dark skin around the neck, in the armpits, and in between their fingers and toes. Girls may also develop cysts in the ovaries caused by a hormone problem.

In addition to the above, blurred vision, increased appetite, and slow-healing infections may also occur.


Type 2 Diabetes is easily diagnosed through blood tests. Some people, especially those at high risk, may seek some help from blood testing to determine whether or not they have the disease. If not treated earlier, Type 2 Diabetes may cause complications such as heart disease, kidney damage, and vision impairment.

As mentioned earlier, Type 2 Diabetes is a more serious form of the disease. In this case, the body produces insulin. Then again, the system does not make use of it properly in breaking down the glucose. As the body becomes more and more insulin resistant, the pancreas that produce it work harder and harder to produce more until it wears out eventually.

It is not certain what causes Type 2 Diabetes exactly. Yet, there are several components and genetic make-ups that supposedly make one more vulnerable to it than the others.

Elderly people are said to have high risk factors for diabetes, the same with overweight individuals. Certain ethnic groups including Native Americans, African Americans, Asians, and Latinos are also found to be more prone to Type 2 Diabetes.

People 45 years old and above have high risk at contracting Type 2 Diabetes. It is previously more common in adults than in children. Yet, there are recent reports that show its occurrence even in children and young adults.

In case of obesity, Type 2 Diabetes is common in overweight individuals. Excessive fat makes it difficult for cells to respond to insulin. This is also the cause seen responsible in making Type 2 Diabetes imminent even in young children. Obesity in children made it possible.

People who have one or both of their parents afflicted with Type 2 Diabetes would most likely get it later in life. Family history of Diabetes is significant. Because of this factor, the impression that a genetic component is causing the disease has become stronger.


Type 2 Diabetes is managed with proper diet and exercise along with some medication treatments. More than the aid of medications, lifestyle change is important for someone who has the disease to control its aggression. Weight control has so much to do with the quality of life that people who have this chronic, life-debilitating disease. Make sure that you carry on your doctor’s advice on your diet and physical activities. Choosing the right kind of food along with an active lifestyle can make you battle Type 2 Diabetes more efficiently.

Aside from significant lifestyle change, there are medications that can be used to control one’s blood sugar levels. When diet and exercise cannot do it alone, your doctor may prescribe medications to help you maintain an ideal blood sugar level. In some cases, patients with Type 2 Diabetes are prescribed with regular insulin supply. Insulin is injected through the skin. It can be administered at home by using syringe.


One of the best ways of preventing Type 2 Diabetes from occurring is adapting a generally healthy lifestyle. Right choice of food, regular physical activity, and none of the bad elements will help you become armed against Type 2 Diabetes.
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Medication commonly used for these disease:

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