Ulcerative proctitis
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Ulcerative proctitis is a bowel disorder. It is mostly characterized by swelling of the rectum. Among all the known inflammatory bowel diseases, ulcerative proctitis is the mildest. However, when it is not treated effectively, it can lead to other, more severe bowel disorders such as ulcerative Colitis. Unlike ulcerative proctitis which comes with only utter physical discomfort, Ulcerative Colitis may occur alongside liver disease, skin rash, and joint disorders. The former is concentrated only on the rectum, which is about six to eight inches of the colon, while the latter affects a far greater portion of the five feet-long colon.


The cause of ulcerative proctitis is yet unknown. Several case studies done on the subject showed the significance of an element, such as a virus, that ignites the reaction from the immune system. But this finding needs a stronger evidence to be concrete. The same set of studies confirmed, however, that two of the suspected triggers of the disease are already out of question. Dietary habits and stress levels are found to have nothing to do with the occurrence of inflammation in the rectum.


The common symptoms of ulcerative proctitis include persistent urge to empty the bowel, diarrhea, constipation, rectal pain, bleeding, and mucus discharge. Although the symptoms can be quite troublesome, they are not as crippling as other health disorders. You can continue living a normal and active life even with ulcerative proctitis. The periodical rectal bleeding is usually not of much concern to require blood transfusion. The percentage of the Proctitis to spread into the greater part of your colon is also slim, at the most is 20%. ulcerative proctitis also does not make you vulnerable to colon cancer.

Having said those things, it is still very much significant for you to seek treatment once the symptoms occur. Aside from preventing yourself to suffer much longer, seeking treatment will also keep you safe from possible complications that may develop along the way.


Diagnosis is the first step in any medical treatment. Discussing your symptoms with the doctor will give him an idea which case to look into. ulcerative proctitis is usually detected through a visual examination of your rectum. Flexible sigmoidoscope, a tube that is about as thick as your finger, is inserted inside the rectum to give the doctor a better view of the inflammation. Since the symptoms of ulcerative proctitis may also occur in other health conditions, it is important that you go through this process to confirm your ailment.
ulcerative proctitis
Image: Ulcerative proctitis

Ulcerative proctitis is a chronic disease. The recurrence of symptoms is more likely to occur at any given point in your life, even after treatment. This means that you need to be constantly in touch with your doctor for follow-up examinations. This is to monitor your condition as closely as possible.


The first line of treatment for ulcerative proctitis is topical inflammatory medication. The use of medicated suppositories, enemas, or foams is usually stopped as soon as the inflammation heals. For those who have had numerous flare-ups or recurrence, however, oral drugs are also given to reduce their chances at experiencing further episodes. Regular check-ups are helpful in this sense because your doctor would be able to determine treatment adjustments to suit your current case.

Aside from medical treatments, lifestyle change may also be helpful in easing the physical discomforts of ulcerative proctitis. Although dietary habits are found of no relation to the occurrence of the disease, minding your food intake essentially helps the healing process to be successful. Diet modifications can make your bowel discomforts easier to live with. A high-fiber diet combined with a generous serving of liquids (fresh fruit juices and water) is ideal. Avoid caffeinated and milk products as much as possible. Going on a lactose-free diet will help control your gastrointestinal symptoms.

An important thing that you must remember while battling ulcerative proctitis is that you are not to blame for your condition. The cause of such condition is unknown and nothing on your usual lifestyle could be a trigger. The only thing you must focus your mind into is on how you can improve your condition and how you can liberate yourself from the troublesome symptoms. A positive mind can help your treatment show recognizable effects faster. Being stressed out would only aggravate your symptoms so it is important that you stay away from negative thoughts.

Also your doctor has a very significant role in speeding up the healing process. Never miss an appointment with your doctor so he can monitor your condition and make the necessary prescriptions. Medical Science is constantly finding more effective means of treatment. If you are constantly in touch with your doctor, you will know immediately if any update in treatment is found and use it to ease your burden much easily.

Some patients overlook the importance of following doctor’s instructions, which should never be the case. You must strictly follow your doctor’s prescription to see any significant result. Take or apply your medicines on time. Do not miss a dose. If you did, take it as soon as you remember it. But do avoid suffering from overdose. If your missed dose is too close to your next dose, you may discard the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Such note is important because it can save you loads of troubles in the long run. Any change in your condition, bad or not, must be reported to your doctor so he can make the necessary adjustments. Your doctor would not be able to foresee how your medication is working for you or how your body is reacting to it. You need to understand that your cooperation plays a significant role in your treatment. Work closely with your doctor. In any medical battle, you only have yourself and your doctor. That is not to say, however, that a strong support system is of no use. Supportive family members who understand your limitations due to your condition will make you get through the treatment process easier.
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