Coronary heart disease
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Coronary heart disease is also known as coronary artery disease. It is an ailment that pertains to the narrowing of blood vessels that primarily supplies blood and oxygen to the heart. Usually, plaques and fatty deposits build up on the walls of the arteries. Those elements cause blood vessels to narrow.


For years, coronary heart disease has been the leading cause of death in United States as well as in other countries such as Russia, New Zealand, Australia, and even in Europe. In a decade, coronary heart disease is expected to affect all regions the way it did the previously mentioned states.


According to the American Heart Association, some 15 million Americans have a form of this disease. If not treated and taken cared of well enough, the very same figures are likely candidates for heart attack and ultimately, death.

Men and women are at equal risk for coronary heart disease. However, men are of greater risk when they reach their 40s. Women, meanwhile, increase risk of contracting the disease as they get older.

There are many variables that re associated with coronary heart disease. Exposure to one or another makes the possibility of contracting the disease higher.


Coronary heart disease is mostly associated with breathing problems and chest pain. As your arteries narrow, the blood and oxygen flow becomes disrupted, which in turn causes shortness of breath, chest pains, and heart attack.

At times, the symptoms of coronary heart disease may be very visible. Yet it is possible for one patient to be asymptomatic, meaning he may have the disease but show no symptoms.

Chest pain or Angina is the most common sign of coronary heart disease. The discomfort comes from the insufficient blood and oxygen that gets to your heart. The severity and the type of chest pain, however, may vary from patient to patient. Patients with coronary heart disease may experience Atypical or typical chest pain. The difference between the two is in their character. Atypical chest pin is often sharp but disappears just like that. It may be felt on the left chest, the back, the arms, and even in the abdomen. Typical chest pain, on the other hand, feels heavy and does not go away shortly. Sometimes, you would need to seek help from rest and a Nitroglycerin to get relief from the pain. Typical chest pain is almost equivalent to coronary heart disease while atypical chest pain may be associated with another condition.

Other signs of coronary heart disease include fatigue and of course, heart attack, which is considered a medical emergency. In some cases, heart attack comes in as the only and first sign of the disease.

Coronary heart disease may be caused by a variety of factors. It can be triggered by your genetic makeup; it can be triggered by old age; it can be triggered by other conditions such as Diabetes, menopause, high blood pressure, obesity, and smoking.
coronary heart disease
Image: Coronary Heart Disease


People whose members of the family have had coronary heart disease have higher risks of getting it themselves, especially if they have it before they reach the age of 50. In this case, coronary heart disease is hereditary.

Old age is another significant factor that is associated with this heart ailment. Usually, once you reach the age of 40, you become vulnerable to the disease. Your risk at having coronary heart disease multiplies as years continues to be added to your age.

In some cases, coronary heart disease comes in as secondary to other health conditions. Diabetes, obesity, and high blood pressure increase your risk for a heart attack. The same lifestyle that caused you those problems is the same factor that will cause you a coronary heart disease. Unhealthy lifestyle choices when combined with poor physical workout would make you a potent candidate for this disease.


The treatment for coronary heart disease is a combined effort of taking medical therapies along with significant lifestyle changes. Some may require invasive or non-invasive procedures such as angioplasty, bypass surgery, and medication therapy among others.

Angioplasty is about widening the narrowing arteries mechanically. It is often required to sufferers of heart attack to open the blockage immediately and let blood and oxygen pass through.

Bypass surgery, meanwhile, is a more complicated procedure. It is an open-heart surgery where the blocked artery is bypassed and a healthy blood vessel is made to replace it as a reroute for the blood and oxygen to get to the heart. A coronary heart disease patient may undergo several bypass grafts depending on how many his blocked arteries already are.

For mild cases of coronary heart disease, medication therapy is the first line of treatment. Blood thinners, ACE blockers, beta-blockers, diuretics, statins, and nitrates are often used. The most common goals of such medications is relaxing the arteries and putting less strain on the heart, lowering the cholesterol levels, and controlling blood pressure. All those factors addressed by the medications are possible root causes of a heart attack.

There is so much one can do to avoid coronary heart disease from occurring. The best, and the most ideal, is having a healthy, active lifestyle. Proper and balanced diet combined with regular physical activity will reduce your risks for coronary heart disease amazingly. Starting at an early age makes for a good investment so that when you reach 40, which is the age susceptible to the disease, you’ve got stronger defenses against it.


There is no better time to embrace a healthy lifestyle than now. Avoid excessive alcohol drinking and smoking. Both can trigger certain factors that will make you vulnerable to the disease.

Prevention is indeed, better than cure. So if you want to give yourself a safety shield against coronary heart disease, you must do all things ideal in terms of achieving optimum health. Always make healthy choices when it comes to your food intake, your activities, and your wellbeing. You might find that sticking to a healthy lifestyle is pretty difficult but that is the only way you can stop coronary heart disease from happening.
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Medication commonly used for these disease:

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