THIGH ANATOMYThe femur is the anatomical name for the thigh bone. It is the solitary bone which constructs the support for the thigh. It is also the longest, heaviest, and strongest bone in the human body. The rounded proximal head is perfectly designed to fit right into the acetabulum of the ossa coxae.
THIGH STRUCTUREThe center portion of the head of the femur, a bit lower than medially, the fovea capitis femoris can be located which creates a stable formation for the attachment point for the ligament capitis femoris. This ligament is responsible for providing support to the head of the femur as it applied to the acetabulum. This site is also the point of entry for the artery that rests at the head of the femur.
There is an obvious constriction which marks the base of the head with the upper portion of the neck, and this also marks a very common site for fractures in the elderly.
The femur has a natural and mild graceful slope medially to lone the knee cap up appropriately with the rest of the body for optimal stability. The female body experiences a greater curvature of the femur to make obvious exception to the female body’s wider pelvic region.
The body of the femur has several natural but obvious aggregation areas which suffice as attachment areas for the muscles. The greater trochanter is located on the proximolateral side of the body while adversely the medial side reveals the location of the lesser trochanter.
THIGH FUNCTIONSThe introtrochanter line is planted on the interior side right in between the trochanters. On the opposite side between the trochanters rests the intertrochanteric crest. On the posterior surface of the femoral body the linea aspera appears as a roughened surface with a vertical ridge.
The femur’s distal end flows to an expansion to permit the conjoining with the tibia. The condyles, medially and laterally, are the natural processes for this particular joint. There is a depression that exists between the condyles which serves as the intercondylar fossa. The surface of the patella can be located between the condyles in a natural positioning on the anterior. The epicondyles are located on the surfaces above the condyles, laterally and medially, which are designed for the attachment of the necessary ligaments.