Male Reproductive System


The male reproductive system, just like the female reproductive system, is not necessary for the survival of the human body. It is however, necessary for the survival of the human race. The male reproductive system is of course, one half of the necessary organ structure to propagate the species. DNA is passed from one generation to another through the random selection that is procreation with the introduction of the male spermatozoa and the female egg. From these two cells, human life is born.

Asexual reproduction, much like nature’s way of cloning, does not offer the same variety of species and variables into the population the way that sexual reproduction does. The process of sexual reproduction allows variable characteristics and strengths to become uniquely optimized via DNA contributions. These variables in DNA contributions ensure that the human race can continually adapt to environmental changes over time, thus minimizing the chances for extinction.

In its own uniqueness, the human reproductive system requires the body and mind to reach a basic level of maturity before becoming functional. Hormones are released into the male body which triggers the onset of puberty, which in turn creates and adolescent with the capability of fathering a child. The rest of the human body’s systems require no adaptation before becoming functional.


The male reproductive system is quite unique from other bodily systems in its differences from the female reproductive system. Meaning that while some insignificant or barely discernable differences between the organs relating to other systems and gender may be detected, no other system varies so greatly between the female human body and the male human body like the reproductive system. The variances between the genders allow for the appropriate hormones and cellular material to join together to produce new life.
Male Reproductive System
Image: Male Reproductive System


The main responsibility of the male reproductive system is the production of spermatozoa, which eventually may meet with an egg to fertilize. Spermatozoa is transferred during sexual intercourse, through the process of invetro-fertilization, or via other human methods of natural interference in the search to propagate the species.

The male reproductive system is also responsible for the production of male sex hormones which provide men with the obvious physical characteristics which are inherently male, enable men with their libido, and maintain the general functions of the male sex organs.

The male reproductive system is simple in comparison to the complexities of the female reproductive system. While the main function is the production and release of spermatozoa, other functions are held the responsibility of the male sex organs.


Functionally speaking, the male reproductive system can be segregated into two basic divisions, the primary sex organs and the secondary sex organs. The primary sex organs are known as gonads, which are commonly called the testes. Both reproductive systems have gonads but each is located in very different regions of the body. The testes are responsible for the production of the spermatozoa, as well as for the production and secretion of the male sex hormones. The male sex hormones, androgens, are secreted in ample amounts at specified times in appropriate amounts which leads to the production of the secondary sex organs.

The secondary male sex organs are categorized as those which carry and transport the spermatozoa. Their responsibilities are essential enough that without them, the primary sex organ would be insufficient in the creation of new life. The secondary sex organs include the ducts which the perm must travel through in order to be released from the body, the accessory glands, and the penis.

The ducts that are responsible for the transportation of sperm are a set of passageways that carry the sperm from the glands through the sexual region of the male body and then out through the end of the penis. This pathway of ducts includes epedidymides, ductus diferentia, ejaculatory ducts, and the urethra. The urethra is also responsible for the release of urine from the body.

The accessory reproductive glands include the prostate gland, the seminal vesicles, and the bulbourethra glands. These glands help in the production of seminal fluid as well as the hormones necessary for puberty, libido, and other basic sexual functions. The copulatory organ, the penis, is filled with tubes of tissue which facilitates an erection and permits the process of natural fertilization of the egg through insertion of the penis. The skin which protects the testes and creates an enclosure surrounding the testes is known as the scrotum.

Secondary sex characteristics are traits which are proven to help attract a fit mate to procreate and provide offspring which should be suitable for survival. Male secondary sex characteristics include vocal pitch, physique, and the pattern of body hair.1
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human anatomy Organs included in Male Reproductive System

Bulbourethral glandsDuctus deferensEjaculatory duct
ProstateScrotumSeminal vesicles
Spermatic ductsSpermatozoaTestes