A neurological disorder is a disorder that involves the nervous system, by definition. A neurological disorder can be caused by either a disease, such as multiple sclerosis, or a trauma or injury to the nervous system. Neurological disorders can be remarkably difficult to treat and are often debilitating.
NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS SYMPTOMS
Symptoms of neurological disorders can include the slow loss of coordination, balance, or ability to speak clearly. Often symptoms start with a mild and intermittent twitching or numbness in one extremity. Tremors, rigid muscles, slowed motion, difficulty swallowing, loss of automatic movements such as blinking, swinging the arms, and unconscious acts, and eventually dementia.
NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS CAUSES
Neurological disorders are very complex, and while the causes are semi-known, research is perpetually turning up new contributing factors to the causes of neurological disorders. Injury can cause a neurological disorder. In many neurological disorders, the nerve cells that release dopamine or various chemical are slowly destroyed, causing neurological disorders. Infection has been blamed for certain neurological disorders such as naturopathy.
Image: Neurological Disorders
NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS RISK FACTOR
Risk factors, as well as diagnosis causes, vary by disease as well as researcher opinion. Heredity factors, gender, exposure to chemical influences, age, reduced estrogen levels, and chemical exposure during fetal development may contribute to risk factors even if the disease doesn’t develop until decades later.
NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS DIAGNOSIS
Diagnosing some neurological disorders may very well depend on symptoms evaluation alone. Parkinson’s for example, has no definitive test and is more likely to be diagnosed through physical examination well after the initial onset of symptoms. Electrical studies combined with patient complaints often lead to diagnosis, as in carpel tunnel syndrome. Electromyography and nerve conduction studies have led to the diagnosis of some neurological disorders.
NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS COMPLICATIONS
Neurological disorders can often cause depression, sometimes severe depression. The early stages of many neurological disorders are often filled with little accidents, although some accidents end up being not so small. Neurological disorders often are slow to develop and begin with mild symptoms which progress with time. This means that patients are often driving cars, cooking meals, doing household and yard oriented chores, and symptoms are likely to strike and cause accidents. With the progression of accidents and finally diagnosis, depression becomes a greater risk. The loss of independence that may eventually occur is likely to lead to depression as well. Depression in patients with neurological disorders should never be taken lightly.
NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS TREATMENT
Treatment options vary greatly depending on the neurological disorder. Some neurological disorders become more difficult to treat as they progress. Physical therapy to retain as much physical dexterity as possible is nearly always prescribed. Medication such as dopamine agonists, Levodopa, carbidopa, selegiline, anticholinergics, or amantadine may help during various stages of neurological diseases. Surgery is an option for several candidates who can withstand the surgical process and are able to progress through the physical therapy process. Surgical procedures include the destruction of very small amounts of brain tissue in the affected areas, or the stimulation of various parts of the brain. Surgical options were once very common, but they have fallen out of favor for medications that can be as effective as surgical procedures with less intrusion and trauma.
Caring for someone or self care for neurological disorders can be very complicated. Diet, exercise, and being more aware and walking with great care are all part of a total treatment plan. A healthy diet can make a phenomenal difference in how well a neurological patient fares. Avoiding accidents will turn into a constant process. Speaking often can help keep the speech clearer and more discernable. Creating a strong network of support for family members and care takers can help keep the overall environment less stressful and upbeat. Family members need to be spoken to honestly in order to be able to provide support.
NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS PREVENTION
Strong support systems and self education are two of the best coping skills against neurological disorders. Support systems can allow a patient to keep his or her independence for nearly twice as long. Support systems can ward off depression and a feeling of hopelessness. Good communication and honesty can make the entire process much easier. Minimizing stress can help keep symptoms minimized, or at least frustration over symptoms minimized. For as long as possibly able, patients of neurological disorders should make decisions regarding their own health care.
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