Lioresal, also known genetically as baclofen, is used as a muscle relaxant and is commonly prescribed to patients that suffer from muscle spasms, pain and stiffness from multiple sclerosis. The common form of Lioresal is a white, scored tablet of 10 mg or a capsule of 20 mg.
This medication cannot be prescribed universally, anyone that is allergic to baclofen or anyone who has had kidney disease, a history of blood clotting or anyone who epilepsy or a history of seizures may not be able to take this medication or the dosage may have to be adjusted by the physician. Children under the age of twelve should not be prescribed this medication and older adult may be more sensitive to the medication.
Lioresal has received the pregnancy rating of C from the Food and Drug Administration and therefore the medication may or may not be harmful to an unborn child. It is undetermined whether the medication can be transferred through breast feeding. Any pregnant woman should inform the physician of the existing condition prior to the prescription of the medicine.
This medication should be taken exactly as prescribed and should the dosage should never be exceeded by dosage or by length of consumption, unless approved by the physician. Lioresal can be taken with or without food and the label on the prescription should be followed as closely as possible If a dose is accidentally skipped and it is not close to the next scheduled dose, take the missed dose as soon as remembered. If the dose is close to the next prescribed dose, then skipped the missed dose and take only the next prescribed dose. Emergency medical help should be sought if there is a suspicion of an overdose. The symptoms of an overdose include, but are not limited to dilated or pinpoint pupils, faint or shallow breathing, muscle weakness, vomiting, drowsiness, fainting or coma.
The severe side effects that may be experienced when taking this medication can be but are not limited to uneven heartbeat, seizures, confusion and hallucinations. If any of these symptoms occur seek emergency medical attention immediately. The less severe side effects that can occur are, but are not limited to drowsiness, dizziness, weakness, tired feeling, headache, nausea, constipation, more frequent urination and insomnia. The user should not take this medication when they have to operate any motor vehicle or heavy equipment. This medication should not be taken when involved in any activities that required alertness or muscle tone to ensure balance and physical safety. Any other bothersome or unusual side effect should be report to the prescribing physician. If the muscular symptoms do not show improvement within 2 weeks then this should be reported to the prescribing physician.
Lioresal may react to other prescription drugs such as pain killers, narcotics, cold medicines, medications for seizures, antidepressants and any other medication that have the side effects that include drowsiness and dizziness. Vitamins, herbal supplements and over-the-counter medications may also react to Lioresal; a full medical and prescription drug disclosure will help the physician to eliminate the chances of adverse reactions to other medications from occurring. Do not drink alcohol when taking this medication. Professional medical advice is necessary when the cessation of this medicine is to occur. A slow weaning process may be needed to stop taking this drug, if Lioresal has been taken for a long period of time. If the medication is suddenly stopped, some of the withdrawal symptoms that may occur are hallucinations and seizures. Any additional information is available upon request from the physician and pharmacist.
Lioresal has the following structural formula:
• Molecular formula of lioresal is C10H12ClNO2
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 4-amino-3-(4-chlorophenyl)-butanoic acid
• Molecular weight is 213.661 g/mol
• Lioresal available : 10mg tablets, 25mg tablets
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