Atcardil, a cardiovascular medication in the beta-blocker group, is primarily used to treat chest pains and hypertension. Also available as Tenormin, it is also used in the prevention of myocardial infarctions and irregular heart beat episodes and in treating migraine headaches and alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Atcardil slows the heart rate and reduces the heart's load in the process. This medication works well because it does not pose a risk to the central nervous system. It is available in 25, 50 and 100mg pills. Atcardil is prescribed to patients suffering from coronary heart disease, angina, arrhythmia and hypertension. It is also used to prevent and treat myocardial infarction or myocardial infarctions. It can also diminish symptoms of Graves Disease until the antithyroid medication kicks in. Atcardil is suitable to treat heart disorders in patients with extensive liver conditions as it is filtered and excreted in the kidneys, reducing the load on the liver.
For hypertension, patients with unimpaired renal function may be given 25 to 50 mg per day. Doctors will tend to give a lower dose initially and gradually increase the dose each week, checking for responses. Dosage can range from 20 to 200mg. For angina, 100mg is typically quite sufficient.
Asthma patients receive the lowest dose possible since they are at risk of bronchospasms or tightening of the airways as a result of taking Atcardil. Hexoprenaline or salbutamol may be used if this occurs.
For patients with renal function impairment, doses are altered based on the doctor's observations of the patient's response to the medication. For example, end-stage renal failure patients dependent on dialysis will often receive 50mg of Atcardil after the dialysis session. They may suffer from severe hypotonia after taking the medication.
Atcardil causes fewer side effects than other beta-blockers yet some users will still experience certain side effects. Common side effects include fatigue, dizziness, stomach pains, constipation, hair loss, sexual dysfunction, difficulty sleeping and a runny or clogged nose. These symptoms may not manifest but should they appear, consult your doctor.
Rare but more serious side effects are hallucinations, visual distortion, tingling feeling in the hands and feet, low blood pressure, rashes and skin disorders, and difficulty in hearing or speaking. These are serious side effects and require immediate medical attention.
Many medications react with Atcardil and you should inform your doctor if you take atopy medication, MAO inhibitors, diabetes medication, or other cardiovascular medications. People who suffer from asthma should inform their doctor so that their doses can be properly managed and tested.
Atcardil can cause lessened activity and drowsiness so avoid doing work requiring full attention and avoid alcohol consumption to prevent increased drowsiness.
This medication also passes through breast milk and may also affect fertility. Consult your doctor if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant or are breastfeeding.
Atcardil has the following structural formula:
• Molecular formula of atcardil is C14H22N2O3
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 2-[4-[2-hydroxy-3-(1-methylethylamino)propoxy]phenyl]ethanamide
• Molecular weight is 266.336 g/mol
• Atcardil available : 100mg tablets and 150mg tablets
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