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A medication in the beta-blocker group, Atenol, is primarily used to treat chest pains and hypertension but is also used in the prevention of heart attacks and irregular heart beat episodes and in treating migraine headaches and alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Atenol is also effective in treating coronary heart disease, angina, arrhythmia and hypertension and can diminish symptoms of Graves Disease until the antithyroid medication kicks in. Atenol works by slowing the heart rate and reducing the workload on the heart in the process. This medication works well because it does not pose a risk to the central nervous system and is available in 25, 50 and 100mg pills. Another benefit with this medication is that it is filtered and excreted in the kidneys, reducing the workload on the liver and making Atenol suitable for the treatment of heart disorders in patients with extensive liver conditions.

Patients with unimpaired renal function suffering from hypertension may be given 25 to 50 mg per day. Typically, physicians prescribe a lower dose initially and gradually increase the dose each week, based on the patient's response to the treatment. Dosage can range from 20 to 200mg but for angina, 100mg is most often quite sufficient.

Due to the risk of bronchospasms or tightening of the airways as a result of taking Atenol, asthma patients are given the lowest dose possible. Hexoprenaline or salbutamol may be given if this occurs.

Dosages for patients with renal function impairment are altered based on the physician's observations and the patient's response to the medication. End-stage renal failure patients dependent on dialysis will typically receive 50mg of Atenol after the dialysis session. It is important to be aware that these patients may suffer from severe hypotonia after taking the medication.

Atenol causes a lower number of reported side effects than other beta-blockers yet some users will experience side effects. Common side effects include fatigue, dizziness, stomach pains, costiveness, hair loss, sexual dysfunction, difficulty sleeping and a runny or clogged nose. If you experience any of these symptoms, contact your physician immediately.

Serious side effects, though rare, include hallucinations, a visual distortion, tingling feeling in the hands and feet, low blood pressure, rashes and skin disorders, and difficulty in hearing or speaking. These symptoms are serious and should be treated as such. If you experience any of these symptoms, seek immediate medical attention.

Many medications are known to interact negatively with Atenol. Due of this, you should inform your physician if you take atopy medication, MAO inhibitors, diabetes medication, or other cardiovascular medications. Patients suffering from asthma should inform their physician so that their doses can be properly managed and tested.

Atenol can cause the patient to become more docile and drowsy so avoid work requiring full attention. Patients are also advised to avoid alcohol consumption to prevent increased somnolence.

Women who are pregnant, plan to become pregnant or are breastfeeding, note that this medication passes through breast milk and may affect fertility. Consult your physician if you fall into any of these categories prior to taking this medication.

Atenol has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of atenol

• Molecular formula of atenol is C14H22N2O3
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 2-[4-[2-hydroxy-3-(1-methylethylamino)propoxy]phenyl]ethanamide
• Molecular weight is 266.336 g/mol
Atenol available : 100mg tablets and 150mg tablets

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