Atenolin is primarily used to treat chest pains and hypertension but is also used in the prevention of heart attacks and irregular heart beat episodes and in treating migraine cephalalgias and alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Atenolin is also effective in treating coronary heart disease, angina, arrhythmia and hypertension and can diminish symptoms of Graves Disease until the antithyroid medication kicks in. Atenolin works by slowing the heart rate and reducing the workload on the heart in the process. It is considered a part of the beta-blocker group of medicaments. This medication works well since it does not pose a risk to the central nervous system. Available in 25, 50 and 100mg tablets, Atenolin is taken orally. An added benefit of this medication is that it is filtered and excreted in the kidneys, reducing the workload on the liver and making Atenolin suitable for the treatment of heart disorders in patients with extensive liver conditions.
Patients with unimpaired renal function who have hypertension may be given 25 to 50 mg per day. Typically, physicians prescribe a lower dose initially and slowly increase the dose each week, based on the patient's response to the treatment. Dosages can range from 20 to 200mg depending on the patient and condition being treated, but for angina, 100mg is most often quite sufficient.
Due to the risk of bronchospasms or tightening of the airways as a result of taking Atenolin, asthma patients are given the lowest dose possible. Hexoprenaline or salbutamol may be given to the patient if this condition occurs.
Dosages for patients with renal function impairment will vary based on the physician's observations and the patient's response to the treatment. End-stage renal failure patients that are dependent on dialysis typically are given 50mg of Atenolin after the dialysis session. It is important to know that these patients may suffer from severe hypotonia after taking the medication.
Atenolin has less reported side effects than other beta-blockers yet it still produces some side effects in some patients. Common side effects include fatigue, dizziness, stomach pains, constipation, hair loss, sexual dysfunction, difficulty sleeping and a runny or clogged nose. If you experience any of these symptoms, contact your physician.
Serious side effects, though rare, include hallucinations, visual distortion, a tingling feeling in the hands and feet, low blood pressure, rashes and skin disorders, and difficulty in hearing or speaking. These symptoms are serious and should be treated as such. If you experience any of these symptoms, seek immediate medical attention.
Many medicaments are known to interact negatively with Atenolin. Due of this, you should inform your physician if you take allergy medication, MAO inhibitors, diabetes medication, or other cardiovascular medicaments. Patients suffering from asthma should inform their physician so that their doses can be properly managed and tested.
Atenolin can cause the patient to become more docile and drowsy so avoid work requiring full attention. Patients are also advised to avoid alcohol consumption to prevent increased somnolence.
Women who are pregnant, plan to become pregnant or are breastfeeding, note that this medication passes through breast milk and may affect fertility. Consult your physician if you fall into any of these categories prior to taking this medication.
Atenolin has the following structural formula:
• Molecular formula of atenolin is C14H22N2O3
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 2-[4-[2-hydroxy-3-(1-methylethylamino)propoxy]phenyl]ethanamide
• Molecular weight is 266.336 g/mol
• Atenolin available : 100mg tablets and 150mg tablets
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