Carbaminocholine Chloride is used to treat glaucoma and is also given during ophthalmic surgeries. The medication is used as an eye drop and works by eliminating the pressure to the eyes of patients with glaucoma. Carbaminocholine Chloride is also helpful in narrowing the pupils of the eyes during cataract surgery.
Carbaminocholine Chloride or Carbamylcholine is a cholinergic medication being distributed under the brand names Miostat, Carbastat, Isopto Carbaminocholine Chloride and Carboptic. It is used to treat patients with eye problems like glaucoma and during eye surgery. Carbaminocholine chloride is a prescribed medication and can only be used by patients given a prescription by their doctor.
This medication is administered to the eyes through intraocular solution such as an eye drop. It is essential to wash both hands before administering the medication to avoid infections.
When administering the eye drops, allow the head to be tilted backwards then pull the lower eyelid downwards. Position the dropper just above the eye. The dosage is determined by the doctor and is based on the condition of the patient. Squeeze the dropper for a drop of the medication and gently close the eye. If more drops are required, repeat the procedure in five-minute intervals.
There are common side effects due to Carbaminocholine Chloride usage. Some of these include teary eyes, stinging or burning sensation, sweating, headache, dizziness, nausea and low vision. Though rare, retinal detachment may occur in some patients and can cause blindness. If any of these side effects occur, it is important to seek medical attention. Before using Carbaminocholine Chloride, it is important to consult your doctor and undergo a thorough check up of your retina to determine if there is risk of retinal detachment.
To avoid infection in the eyes due to contamination, avoid touching the dropper. When administering the medication, you must put a little pressure to the innermost corner of the eye after each drop.
Carbaminocholine Chloride may affect vision at nighttime so it is advised not to engage in activities such as driving, sports or operating a machine.
If you wear contact lenses, remove them before using Carbaminocholine Chloride. Consult your doctor to determine if it is safe to use contact lenses after the medication has been administered. Some of the preservatives in Carbaminocholine Chloride may result in the discoloration of contact lenses.
If you are using other eye medication like suprofen, flurbipron ketorolac and diclofenac, you must inform your doctor prior to the use of Carbaminocholine Chloride. This is important since some medications may react when used together with Carbaminocholine Chloride.
Since this medication is used for the eyes, never use the medication when you notice discoloration or particles in the medication to avoid risking your eyesight. It is best to take the medicine to the doctor to check.
Carbaminocholine chloride has the following structural formula:
• Molecular formula of carbaminocholine chloride is C6H15N2O2+
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 2-carbamoyloxyethyl-trimethyl-ammonium
• Molecular weight is 147.196 g/mol
• Carbaminocholine chloride available : solution 0.01 %
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