Carbamiotin is used to treat glaucoma and is also given during ophthalmic surgeries. The medication is used as an eye drop and works by eliminating the pressure to the eyes of patients with glaucoma. Carbamiotin is also helpful in narrowing the pupils of the eyes during cataract surgery.
Carbamiotin or Carbamylcholine is a cholinergic medication being distributed under the brand names Miostat, Carbastat, Isopto Carbamiotin and Carboptic. It is used to treat patients with eye problems like glaucoma and during eye surgery. Carbamiotin is a prescribed medication and can only be used by patients given a prescription by their doctor.
This medication is administered to the eyes through intraocular solution such as an eye drop. It is essential to wash your hands before administering the medication to avoid infections.
When administering the eye drops, tilt your head backwards then pull the lower eyelid downwards. Position the dropper just above the eye. The dosage is determined by the doctor and is based on the patient’s condition. Squeeze the dropper for a drop of the medication and gently close the eye. If more drops are required, repeat the procedure in five-minute intervals.
Common side effects due to Carbamiotin usage include teary eyes, stinging or burning sensation, sweating, headache, dizziness, nausea and low vision. Though rare, retinal detachment may occur in some patients and can lead to blindness. If any of these side effects occur, seek medical attention quickly. Before using Carbamiotin, consult with your doctor and undergo a thorough check up of your retina to determine if there is a risk of retinal detachment.
Avoid touching the dropper to avoid infection in the eyes. When administering the medication, put a little pressure to the innermost corner of the eye after each drop.
Carbamiotin may affect vision at night so it is advised to refrain from driving, sports or operating a machine.
If you wear contact lenses, remove them before administering Carbamiotin. Consult your doctor to determine if it is safe to use contact lenses after the medication has been administered. Patients should be aware that some of the preservatives in Carbamiotin can cause a discoloration of the contact lenses.
If you are using other eye medication like suprofen, flurbipron ketorolac and diclofenac, inform your doctor prior to the use of Carbamiotin. This is necessary since some medications may react negatively when taken with Carbamiotin.
Because this medication is used in the eyes, never use the medication when you notice discoloration or particles in the medication to avoid risking your eyesight. If you notice either of these conditions, take the medicine to the doctor to check.
Carbamiotin has the following structural formula:
• Molecular formula of carbamiotin is C6H15N2O2+
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 2-carbamoyloxyethyl-trimethyl-ammonium
• Molecular weight is 147.196 g/mol
• Carbamiotin available : solution 0.01 %
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