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Ciprobay is useful in the treatment of an array of bacteria and produces less potential side effects compared to others in its class. Ciprobay is an antibiotic also available by the brand names Cipro and Ciproxin. It is a fluoroquinolone, which acts as a bacteriocidal. Usually, bacteria in the human body are eliminated and the growth and spread is stopped through inhibitive actions. Ciprobay is used against a variety of bacterial infections including some urinary tract infections as well as the treatment and prevention of anthrax.

Ciprobay is effective against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. It acts on enzymes to prevent bacterial cell division. Included in the bacteria that it fights are enterobacteriaceae, brucella, neisseria, campylobacter, vibrio, mycobacterium intracellulare, legionella sp., pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, streptococcus pneumoniae and Chlamydia. However, it is not as effective against bacteroides, entercoccus faecium, streptococcus pyogenes and ureaplasma urealyticum.

Side effects of Ciprobay are low in severity and frequency and usually mild to moderate. Mild to moderate side effects include nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, indigestion, headache, diarrhea, nervousness, anxiety, irritability, nightmares, insomnia, feelings of distrust, vaginal itching or discharge. These should be reported to your physician. Serious side effects should immediately be reported to your physician and patients should stop taking Ciprobay. Symptoms of serious side effects include rashes, hives, joint and muscle pain, fainting, irregular heartbeat, hoarseness of voice, tingling sensation, easily fatigued, loss of appetite, fever, hallucination, depression, double vision, seizure, suicidal ideations and loss of sensitivity to touch.

Patients with hypersensitivity to quinolones and fluoroquinolones should be cautious when taking this medication. Ciprobay may interact negatively with tizanidine, anticoagulants, acetazolamide, anti-diarrheals, methotrexate and anti-inflammatory medicaments. Patients should tell their physician if they are taking any herbal medicaments or nutritional supplements. Operating machinery and driving are discouraged until the effects of this medication are fully realized by the patient. The medication also increases skin sensitivity to ultraviolet light and sunlight but sunburns are not normal and should be reported to your physician.

Ciprobay works by binding to the Deoxyribonucleic acid gyrase enzyme. This enzyme is a type II topoisomerase and important in separating replicated Deoxyribonucleic acid. The binding action causes double-stranded breaks in the chromosome of the bacteria, which stops cell division. The medication also directly acts on any existing bacteria by killing them.

In a study, 24 women ages 22 to 32 suffering from urinary tract infections were given 500 mg of Ciprobay twice daily in the form of oral tablets. After 1 week, half the participants were free from symptoms and by the end of the second week, all participants were fully healed. Only 3 participants reported mild side effects while the others did not experience any adverse reactions.

Ciprobay is a nonprescription medication and can be bought at pharmacies and drug stores. Be sure to check the expiration date, manufacturer and location to ensure the validity of the product. When buying over the internet, be sure that the source is valid by checking the address and asking for verification.

Ciprobay is taken according to the recommended dose. Never double the dose if you miss one. Each dose should be taken with a full glass of water and pills should be swallowed whole, not crushed or chewed. Patients are discouraged from taking the medication with dairy products. The medication should be stored at room temperature and kept out of children's reach at all times.

Ciprobay has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of ciprobay

• Molecular formula of ciprobay is C17H18FN3O3
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-4-oxo-7-piperazin-1-yl-quinoline-3-carboxylic acid
• Molecular weight is 331.342 g/mol
Ciprobay available : 0.3% solution 10ml bottle, 0.3% solution 2.5ml bottle, 0.3% solution 5ml bottle, 250mg tablets, 500mg tablets, 750mg tablets

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