Azithromycin is an antibiotic that falls under the macrolide type. It is a prescription orally ingested drug. One of the world’s highest-selling medicines, Azithromycin is used for curing infections caused by bacteria, such as certain Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), bronchitis, and infections found in the ears, lungs, and throat. It inhibits the growth of proteins that feed bacteria, causing them to die out. It is important to note that the drug cannot treat viral infections, such as colds and flu. Among its more popular brand names are Zithromax and Ventrox.
People who have or have ever had abnormal heartbeats, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), kidney or liver disease, or cystic fibrosis should be advised by their physicians before taking Azithromycin. It is not recommended for people to be taking anticoagulants, also known as blood thinners, or any immunosuppresants. Combining these with Azithromycin may be potentially harmful.
Studies have not indicated that the drug is particularly harmful for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding; however, it would be better to consult with a physician before taking Azithromycin just to make certain that there will be no adverse effects.
Azithromycin comes in two forms: either as a tablet or as a liquid suspension, both of which are taken orally. It is usually taken once or twice a day for about one to five days. If your physician prescribes otherwise, follow his orders strictly; otherwise, the bacteria may eventually become immune to the drug. If a dosage is missed, take it as soon as you remember, but do not take more than the prescribed amount at one time to compensate. It may be taken with or without food; however, the tablets should be taken with a full glass of water. The liquid suspension must be mixed well before being taken.
Avoid ingesting alcohol if you are taking Azithromycin, as their combined effects may not be good. Do not perform any potentially dangerous tasks such as driving until you are sure of Azithromycin’s effects on you. On occasion, the drug has been found to cause extreme sleepiness in patients. Azithromycin also makes skin more sensitive to UV rays, so avoid being under the sun too much or using any tanning beds.
You may continue to eat normally unless your doctor prescribes a specific diet for you.
Azithromycin is such a widely accepted drug precisely because its side effects are often so minimal. Among these are stomachaches, diarrhea, and mild skin rashes. Unless these manifest in very serious forms, there is no need to worry. On rare occasions, however, some adverse side effects do come about, and a physician should definitely be contacted in the case of the following: hives, swelling, harsh rashes, hoarseness, irregular heart rhythm, or jaundice. If you encounter any problems not listed here that make you uncomfortable, do contact your doctor right away.
The medicine should be kept in the container originally given to you. For its tablet form, merely store it in a cool place away from any moisture. The liquid medicine may be stored at room temperature or in a refrigerator, but do not freeze it. After 10 days, get rid of any unused medication.
Azithromycin has the following structural formula:
• Molecular formula of azithromycin is C38H72N2O12
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 11-(4-dimethylamino-3-hydroxy-6-methyl-oxan-2-yl)oxy-2- ethyl-3,4,10-trihydroxy-13- (5-hydroxy-4-methoxy-4,6-dimethyl-oxan-2-yl)oxy- 3,5,6,8,10,12,14-heptamethyl-1-oxa-6-azacyclopentadecan- 15-one
• Molecular weight is 748.985 g/mol
• Azithromycin available : 200mg/5ml suspension 15ml bottle, 500mg tablets, 250mg tablets, 600mg tablets
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