Acediur review

Acediur is an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. It is used for the treatment of hypertension (high blood pressure) and cases of congestive heart failure. It keeps angiotensin, a chemical in the blood, from metabolizing into a dangerous substance that allows the body to retain more salt and water, leading to hypertension and eventual heart failure.

Acediur also works by relaxing the blood vessels and enabling blood to flow more freely throughout the body. It can be used by itself or taken with diuretics in the treatment of high blood pressure. For management of congestive heart failure, it is usually combined with both digitalis and diuretics.

This medication is further used to treat kidney disorders in diabetic patients. It reduces the risk of further circulatory arrest in patients who have previously had a heart attack, and can improve the chances of survival after heart failure.

Acediur has also been prescribed for the treatment of angina pectoris (a crushing chest pain), rheumatoid arthritis, and Raynaud's phenomenon (a blood vessel disorder).

Patients who are allergic to Acediur or any of its ingredients, women who are in the second or third trimester of their pregnancy (Acediur can cause fetal death), people who have a history of allergies to ACE inhibitors, and those who are taking dextran sulfate should not take Acediur.

Before taking Acediur, patients should tell their doctor if they have any medical conditions that involve food, medicine or substance-related allergies, a history of bone marrow depression, high blood potassium levels or low blood sodium levels, a history of kidney disease, or if they are currently undergoing dialysis or have had a previous kidney transplant, a history of heart disease, the autoimmune disease, lupus, a sodium-restricted diet, or if they are breastfeeding.

Acediur may affect the results of some laboratory tests such as urine ketone tests of diabetes patients. As Acediur may also cause adverse reactions when taken with certain medications, it is advisable for patients to inform their doctor of all the medications, including vitamin, mineral and herbal supplements they may be taking.

Some of the medications which interact with Acediur include dextran sulfate (Allopurinol), which can cause allergic reactions; diurectics, which increases the risk of low blood pressure and low blood sodium; NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications), which can lower the effectiveness of Acediur; Lithium or thiopurines; oral diabetes medications, which may lower blood sugar levels, and Potassium supplements, which may further increase blood potassium levels.

Acediur may also cause adverse reactions like coughing, a rash, and a metallic taste in the mouth. In some cases, patients on Acediur may experience hypotension, a condition where blood pressure becomes abnormally low, and hyperkalemia, which is indicated by excessive potassium in the blood.

Other side effects include dizziness or lightheadedness, which may be aggravated by alcohol consumption; fainting; fatigue; diarrhea; emesis; headaches; itching and pyrexia. If the patient experiences severe allergic reactions like hives, itching, breathing difficulties, swelling of the facial tissues, jaundice, irregular heartbeat, fainting and signs of infection like pyrexia and sore throat, they should discontinue use of Acediur and seek emergency medical attention immediately.

Acediur is distributed by Bristol-Myers Squibb under the brand names Capoten or Inhibace. It also comes under another brand, Capozide. Depending on the patient's condition and doctor's prescription, Acediur should be taken orally on an empty stomach, an hour before meals. For high blood pressure, diabetes-related kidney ailments, and for patients recovering from heart failure, the usual dosage is 25 mg., 2 to 3 times a day. Patients who have just suffered a heart attack are usually give an initial 6.25 mg. dose once, followed by 12.5 mg. 3 times a day. Acediur use should not exceed 450 mg. daily to prevent an overdose.

Acediur has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of acediur

• Molecular formula of acediur is C9H15NO3S
• Chemical IUPAC Name is (2S)-1-[(2S)-2-methyl-3-sulfanyl-propanoyl]pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid
• Molecular weight is 217.286 g/mol
Acediur available : 12.5mg tablets, 25mg tablets, 50mg tablets, 100mg tablets

Generic name: Captopril

Brand name(s): Aceplus, Acepress, Acepril, Alopresin, Apopril, Capoten, Capozide, Captolane, Captoprilum, Captopryl, Captoril, Cesplon, Dilabar, Garranil, Hipertil, Hypertil, L-Captopril, Lopirin, Lopril, Tenosbon, Tensobon, Tensoprel

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