Acetaminophen review

Acetaminophen is probably the most commonly used drug there is. Since it is a non-prescription drug, people have become comfortable to employ it on numerous symptoms associated with different medical conditions. Acetaminophen is more popularly known by the names Paracetamol and Tylenol. It is composed of the chemical compound para-acetylaminophenol, which is the source of all three names.

Acetaminophen is an FDA-approved analgesic and antipyretic. Its ability to relieve pain came from its power to elevate the pain threshold. It orders the brain to require a greater amount of pain to be present before the body actually feels it. Acetaminophen’s fever-reducing properties, meanwhile, commands the center of the brain to lower the body’s temperature once it reaches a higher level.

Acetaminophen is available in many forms – liquid solution, coated capsules, chewable tablets, gel capsules and tablets, and suppositories. All forms are taken orally, either by mouth or through the rectum. Acetaminophen is commonly available in 325mg, 500mg, and 650mg dosages. The usual dosage for children depends on their age and weight, ranging from 40mg to 650mg, taken every four hours. For adults, the oral dose requirement is usually between 325mg and 650mg, taken every four to six hours. If used as a suppository, the dose requirement for children is between 80mg to 325mg; for adults, it is 650mg. Treatment with Acetaminophen should stop after 10 days. If your symptoms persist or you develop new symptoms, you must consult your doctor immediately.

Generally, Acetaminophen is safe to use to relieve a number of aches and pains as well as fever. It has similar properties as aspirin in treating joint pains and is as effective as NSAIDs (non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs) like ibuprofen in pacifying osteoarthritis. Acetaminophen can be used by pregnant and breastfeeding mothers alike. It is usually the drug of choice for pregnant women in all stages of their pregnancy because it causes no harmful effects to the fetus. A small amount of Acetaminophen is excreted in the breast milk but it showed no harmful effects as well that should disturb nursing mothers from feeding their newborns.

Acetaminophen rarely causes physical discomfort when used properly. Overdose and misusage, however, can create serious damage to the liver. Using Acetaminophen alongside alcohol is also highly dangerous. Alcohol increases the potential toxicity of Acetaminophen and may cause bleeding in the stomach.

If you are unsure, you better consult your doctor regarding possible allergic reactions you may develop against Acetaminophen. Your medical history must also be taken into consideration. If you have had a serious medical condition before, do not take Acetaminophen or any medicine for that matter without first talking to your doctor.

Never take two drugs with Acetaminophen at the same time. Do not increase your dosage as well if it is not directed by the doctor. If you will use Acetaminophen as a non-prescription drug, you must read the label carefully. Stick to the required dosage. Take extra precautions if you are using it to your children especially if they are below two years old. Keep track of the patient- under-treatment’s progresses so you will know instantly if something is not right.

Acetaminophen has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of acetaminophen

• Molecular formula of acetaminophen is C8H9NO2
• Chemical IUPAC Name is N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)acetamide
• Molecular weight is 151.163 g/mol
Acetaminophen available : 500mg tablets

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