Acyclovir sodium
Acyclovir sodium

Acyclovir sodium review

Acyclovir Sodium, which is commonly prescribed as Zovirax, is used in the treatment of herpes. This treatment includes genital herpes, zoster, herpes encephalitis, and herpes in people with compromised immune systems. Acyclovir Sodium is a member of the family of antiviral medicaments.

Acyclovir Sodium is not appropriate for everyone. Patients with a medical history which includes kidney disease, liver disease, current dialysis, brain disorders, nervous system disorders, breathing problems, or electrolyte imbalances may not be able to take Acyclovir Sodium or may require careful monitoring while undergoing treatment, depending on the severity of the patient's condition.

The Food and Drug Administration rated Acyclovir Sodium as a pregnancy risk category B, meaning this medicament is not expected to cause harm or birth defects to an unborn baby. Since herpes can be passed from a mother to child during birth, it is vital that pregnant women are treated for herpes while they are carrying their child. Acyclovir Sodium does pass into the mother's breast milk and may cause harm to a nursing baby. This medicament should not be prescribed to women who are nursing.

Some of the side effects associated with Acyclovir Sodium are severe while others are less serious. If a patient is experiencing a serious or severe side effect or an allergic reaction they should seek immediate emergency medical attention. An allergic reaction will include facial skin edema, including skin edema of the lips, mouth, tongue, or throat, hives, and difficulty breathing. Serious or severe side effects which require emergency medical treatment include fever, chills, body aches, flu symptoms, difficulty urinating, no urine output, a red, blistering, or peeling rash, skin edema or pain at the injection site, skin color changes at the injection site, confusion, agitation, tremors, jaundice, pale skin, easy bruising, unusual bleeding, weakness, fatigue, hallucinations, or convulsions.

The less serious side effects typically do not require emergency medical treatment but should be reported to your physician. Patients are encouraged to report all side effects, regardless of their severity, to their doctor. Less serious side effects include symptoms such as headaches, lightheadedness, nausea, vomiting, lack of appetite, diarrhoea, stomach pain, skin edema in the hands or feet, muscle pain, numbness or tingling, insomnia or other sleep problems, and a lack of coordination. Often, less serious side effects can be reduced to a tolerable level by reducing the dosage of Acyclovir Sodium which is why it important to discuss any side effects with your doctor.

Acyclovir Sodium should be taken exactly as prescribed by the physician. If the patient misses a dose, the dose should be taken as soon as it is remembered. However, if it is almost time for the next scheduled dose, the missed dose should be skipped to avoid the potential for an overdose. The patient should never take a double dose of this medicament. If an overdose is suspected, the patient should seek immediate medical attention. An overdose will include symptoms such as decreased urination or no urination, hallucinations, agitation, and seizures.

There is a risk of drug interactions associated with Acyclovir Sodium. A thorough medical history should be taken prior to prescribing Acyclovir Sodium and should be a part of your discussion with your doctor prior to your taking this medicament. Patients are urged to inquire with the prescribing physician before taking any new medicaments, including over the counter medicaments and herbal remedies. Medications with known negative interactions with Acyclovir Sodium include probenecid and some narcotic pain relievers.

Acyclovir sodium has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of acyclovir sodium

• Molecular formula of acyclovir sodium is C8H11N5O3
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 2-amino-9-(2-hydroxyethoxymethyl)-3H-purin-6-one
• Molecular weight is 225.205 g/mol
Acyclovir sodium available : 200mg capsules, 5% cream 2gm tube, 5% cream 5gm tube, 5% ointment 15gm tube, 200mg/5ml suspension 73ml bottle, 400mg tablets, 800mg tablets

Generic name: Acyclovir

Brand name(s): Aciclovier, Aciclovir, Acycloguanosine, Acyclovir sodium, Alti-Acyclovir, Avirax, Valtrex, Vipral, Virorax, Zovirax

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