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Adamantanamine

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Adamantanamine

Adamantanamine review





Adamantanamine, also known as Symmetrel, is a manmade anti-viral medication that can hamper the duplication of viruses within cells. Currently, how it works in treating Parkinsons disease is unknown. The effects it has on the illness may be connected to its ability to increase or amplify the effects of dopamine (a neurotransmitter in the brain whose function is usually compromised in patients with Parkinson's disease). This medication was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 1996.

Anyone with Parkinson's disease or who wants to prevent the spread of a viral infection (particularly influenza) should use this medicine. However, in order to prevent viral infection, the drug should be present before exposure to the virus just like a vaccine.

It is not a practical treatment for most viral infections even though it has been used to prevent Influenza A during flu season. Then again, even when given a day or two after the onset of flu symptoms, it should still be able to decrease the severity of the flu. Nowadays, it's being used to improve the symptoms of Parkinson's disease.

This medication should be administered once or twice every day with or without food. In case it causes the patient an upset stomach, take the next dose with food. When treating influenza, this medicine should be administered within 24 to 48 hours after the first flu symptoms appear and should be continued 24 to 48 hours after the disappearance of the flu symptoms.

Adamantanamine is best used to prevent influenza. It must be administered as quickly as possible after flu virus exposure and should be continued for at least ten days. Elderly persons and people with reduced kidney function may need lower doses or less frequent doses of the medication.

The most common known side effects include vomiting, nausea, nervousness, inability to sleep, loss of coordination, and dizziness. One out of twenty people have been reported to suffer from these symptoms after taking Adamantanamine. These side effects typically emerge several days or even just a few hours after treatment. Less common side effects include discoloration of the eye, loss of appetite, constipation, diarrhea, slurred speech, amnesia, weakness, drowsiness, hallucinations, confusion, depression, nightmares, irritability, and headache. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of these symptoms.

Levodopa is more effective than Adamantanamine in treating Parkinson's disease, but the latter possesses extra advantages when taken together with the former. Note that Adamantanamine can alter the effects of alcohol and other sedatives such as the tricyclic class of antidepressants (Norpamin, Tofranil, and Elavil), the benzodiazepine class of anti-anxiety drugs (Ambien, Valium, Xanax, Klonopin, and Ativan), opiate agonists (Codeine, Vicodin, Dilaudid, and Percocet), certain antihypertensive medications (Catapres and Inderal), and certain antihistamines (Tavist, Atarax, Vistaril, and Benadryl). Combining Adamantanamine with any of the above medications may cause dizziness upon standing, fainting, lightheadedness, or confusion for the patient.

Because this medication augments the effects of dopamine in the brain, other medications that block the effects of dopamine should be avoided while taking it for Parkinson's disease treatment. Such medicines include phenothaizines like Mellaril (thioridazine) and Stelazine (triflupromazine), Haldol (halperidol), and Reglan (metoclopramide). Additionally, using diuretics hydrochlorothiazide or Dyazide/Maxzide (triamterene) with Adamantanamine can impede the kidney's ability to purge Adamantanamine from your body. This can lead to increased levels of Adamantanamine in your blood and increased risks for side effects.

It is not currently known how safe or deadly Adamantanamine is for pregnant women and their unborn babies. Consult your physician in order to determine whether or not Adamantanamine's benefits to the pregnant woman outweigh its risks and disadvantages. Also, this drug has been proven to pass into breast milk in low concentrations. Even though it's not known how toxic it is to infants, nursing mothers are discouraged from breastfeeding their babies while undergoing Adamantanamine therapy. Again, consult your physician for more details and recommendations.

Adamantanamine has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of adamantanamine


• Molecular formula of adamantanamine is C10H17N
• Chemical IUPAC Name is adamantan-1-amine
• Molecular weight is 151.249 g/mol
Adamantanamine available : 100mg tablets

Generic name: Amantadine

Brand name(s): Adamantamine, Adamantylamine, Adekin, Amantidine, Aminoadamantane, Endantadine, Mantadine, Symadine, Symmetrel

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