Medicalook
Medicalook

Alopurinol

http://www.medicalook.com
Alopurinol

Alopurinol review





Alopurinol is the generic name for Zyloprim. It is prescribed for patients who have primary or secondary gout, and for patients with elevated levels of serum and urinary acidic levels, such as those receiving cancer treatments for leukemia and lymphoma. It can also be used to treat people with calcium disorders that result in high levels of daily uric acid. Alopurinol is prescribed in pill form or as an injection.

The most common side effect of Alopurinol is a rash. These rashes can be mild to very severe, even fatal, and it is recommended that treatment with Alopurinol be stopped immediately if a rash develops. In the event an allergic reaction develops or if you experience painful or bloody urination, you should discontinue use of Alopurinol. Less common but still severe side effects include fever, chills, jaundice, and either an increase or a decrease in white blood cells. Sometimes, taking antibiotics at the same time as Alopurinol can increase the negative side effects. Other side effects include diarrhea, nausea or emesis, an increase in the alakaline levels in the blood, an increase in acute attacks of gout, cephalalgia, inflammation of the blood vessels, liver disorders, abdominal pain, inflammation of the stomach, and upset stomach. You may experience muscle disorders, nerve inflammation, numbness, tingling, or prickling sensations of the skin, sleepiness, epistaxiss, baldness, hives, red spots, skin sensitivity, loss or distortion of taste, kidney failure, swelling of the tongue, loss of appetite, weakness, decreased libido, asthma, rhinorrhea, sweating, cataracts, eye infections, impotence or male infertility. You should see your doctor if you have any of these rare reactions.

It is important that while taking Alopurinol you drink enough water to produce two liters of urine every day. This will help in the prevention of kidney stones and with the absorption of Alopurinol at the proper levels. If you do not experience immediate relief of your gout, do not stop taking Alopurinol, since it often takes from two to six weeks to experience optimal results. It is recommended that you take your Alopurinol after meals in order to minimize stomach irritation.

Alopurinol is in Pregnancy Category C, which means that it has not been shown to cause harm to developing fetuses. However, these are results from animal studies; conclusive studies have not been done on pregnant women. It has been determined that Alopurinol passes into breast milk, but the effects on the nursing baby are not known. If you are pregnant or nursing, or plan to become pregnant or to nurse a baby, you should discuss it with your doctor to determine whether the benefits of taking Alopurinol outweigh any possible negative effects for you or your baby. Alopurinol is rarely prescribed for children, though there are cases in which a child may have an excess of uric acid due to cancer treatments or genetic conditions. In these cases, Alopurinol may be indicated for pediatric use.

Alopurinol has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of alopurinol


• Molecular formula of alopurinol is C5H4N4O
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 3,5,7,8-tetrazabicyclo[4.3.0]nona-3,5,9-trien-2-one
• Molecular weight is 136.112 g/mol
Alopurinol available : 100mg tablets, 300mg tablets

Generic name: Allopurinol

Brand name(s): Adenock, Ailural, Allo-Puren, Allopur, Allopurinol sodium, Allopurinolum, Allozym, Allural, Aloprim, Aloral, Alositol, Aluline, Anoprolin, Anzief, Apo-Allopurinol, Apulonga, Apurin, Apurol, Atisuril, Bleminol, Bloxanth, Caplenal, Cellidrin, Cosuric, Dabrosin, Dabroson, Embarin, Epidropal, Epuric, Foligan, Geapur, Gichtex, Gotax, Hamarin, Hexanuret, Ketanrift, Ketobun-A, Ledopur, Lopurin, Lysuron, Milurit, Miniplanor, Monarch, Nektrohan, Progout, Purinol, Remid, Riball, Sigapurol, Suspendol, Takanarumin, Urbol, Uricemil, Uriprim, Uripurinol, Uritas, Urobenyl, Urolit, Urosin, Urtias, Xanturat, Zyloprim, Zyloric

  Your Alopurinol review