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Amoxicillin

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Amoxicillin pills

Amoxicillin review





Amoxicillin is the generic form of antibiotics which are also prescribed as Morisot, Amoxil, Biomox, Dispermox, Trimox, and Wymox. It is commonly used to treat bacterial infections in the body. Infections such as gonorrhea, skin infection, tooth infections, ear infections, tonsillitis, pneumonia, bronchitis, urinary tract infections, and other forms of bacterial infections are often treated with amoxicillin.

Amoxicillin is not appropriate for everyone. A thorough medical history should be assessed prior to prescribing this medication. Patients with a medical history which includes allergies to penicillin or cephalosporin, kidney disease, bowel disease, stomach disease, or intestinal disease may not be able to take amoxicillin or may require careful monitoring while undergoing drug therapy with amoxicillin, depending on the condition and the severity of the condition.

The American Food and Drug Administration has rated amoxicillin as a pregnancy risk category B, which means that this medication is not expected to cause harm or birth defects in an unborn baby. Amoxicillin does pass through the mother’s breast milk, and while very few cases have ever been reported, there is a small risk of affecting a nursing baby. Less than ½% have reported yeast infections, diarrhea, or allergic reactions in nursing babies. The prescribing physician should discuss whether the benefits outweigh the risks prior to prescribing this medication to a pregnant or nursing woman, or a woman who is likely to become pregnant.

There is a risk of side effects associated with amoxicillin, some of which are severe. A patient experiencing a serious side effect or an allergic reaction should seek immediate emergency medical attention. An allergic reaction will present with symptoms which include facial swelling, including swelling of the lips, mouth, tongue, or throat, hives, and difficulty breathing. Other serious side effects which require emergency medical attention include symptoms such as unusual bleeding, easy bruising, or seizures.

Other less serious side effects typically do not require emergency medical attention but should be reported to the prescribing physician. Patients should be encouraged to report all side effects. Less serious side effects include symptoms such as white patches on the tongue, mild nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, vaginal yeast infection, or a black “hairy” tongue, or a sore mouth and tongue. Less serious side effects can often be reduced to a tolerable level by reducing the dosage of amoxicillin.

Amoxicillin should be taken exactly as it has been prescribed by the physician. If the patient misses a dose, the dose should be taken as soon as it is remembered. However, if it is almost time for the next scheduled dose, the missed dose should e skipped to avoid the potential for an overdose. If an overdose is suspected, the patient should seek immediate emergency medical intervention. An overdose will present with symptoms such as pain, twitching, weakness, pain in the fingers or toes, muscle spasm, loss of feeling in the fingers or toes, confusion, agitation, seizures, coma, or death.

There is a risk of negative drug interaction associated with amoxicillin. A thorough medical history should be understood prior to prescribing this medication. Patients should be urged to inquire with the prescribing physician before taking any new medications, including over the counter medications and herbal remedies. Medications with known negative drug interactions with amoxicillin include any additional antibiotic, methotrexate, probenecid, and allopurinol.

Patients should take the entire prescription as directed by the physician, even if their symptoms subside. Patients who end their treatment of amoxicillin early run the risk of a relapse of infection often returning more severe and more resistant to antibiotics. The chronic or overly frequent use of antibiotics can lead to the body’s tolerance of the medication, rendering it ineffective.

Amoxicillin has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of amoxicillin


• Molecular formula of amoxicillin is C16H19N3O5S
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 7-[2-amino-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-acetyl]amino-3,3-dimethyl-6- oxo-2-thia-5-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-4-carboxylic acid
• Molecular weight is 365.405 g/mol
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Brand name(s): Amoxicilline, Amoxicillinum, Amoxiden, Amoxil, Amoxivet, Amoxycillin, Amoxycillin trihydrate, Amoxyl, Ampy-Penyl, Anemolin, Aspenil, Biomox, Bristamox, Cemoxin, Clamoxyl, D-Amoxicillin, Delacillin, Dispermox, Efpenix, Flemoxin, Hiconcil, Histocillin, Ibiamox, Imacillin, Lamoxy, Metafarma, Metifarma, Moxacin, Moxal, Ospamox, Pamoxicillin, Piramox, Polymox, Robamox, Sumox, Tolodina, Trimox, Unicillin, Utimox, Vetramox, Wymox, Zimox

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