is the generic form of antibiotics, which are also prescribed as Morisot, Amoxil
, Dispermox, Trimox
, and Wymox
. It is commonly used to treat bacterial infections
in the body. Infections such as gonorrhoea, skin infection, tooth
infections, ear infections
, urinary tract infections
, and other forms of bacterial infections are often treated with Amoxicilline.
Amoxicilline is not appropriate for everyone. A thorough medical history should be assessed prior to prescribing this medication. Patients with a medical history which includes allergies
or cephalosporin, kidney
disease, bowel disease, stomach
disease, or intestinal disease may not be able to take Amoxicilline or may require careful monitoring while undergoing treatment with Amoxicilline, depending on the condition and the severity of the condition.
The American Food and Drug Administration has rated Amoxicilline as a pregnancy risk category B, which means that this medication is not expected to cause harm or birth defects in an unborn baby. Amoxicilline does pass through the mother's breast
milk, and while very few cases have ever been reported, there is a small risk of affecting a nursing baby. Less than 1% have reported candidiasis, diarrhea
, or allergic reactions
in nursing babies. The prescribing physician should discuss whether the benefits outweigh the risks prior to prescribing this medication to a pregnant or nursing woman, or a woman who is likely to become pregnant.
There is a risk of side effects associated with Amoxicilline, some of which are severe. A patient experiencing a serious side effect or an allergic reaction should seek immediate emergency medical attention. An allergic reaction will present with symptoms which include facial swelling
, including swelling of the lips
, or throat, hives
, and difficulty breathing. Other serious side effects, which require emergency medical attention, include unusual bleeding, easy bruising, or seizures.
Other less serious side effects typically do not require emergency medical attention but should be reported to the prescribing physician. Patients are encouraged to report all side effects. Less serious side effects include symptoms such as white patches on the tongue, mild wamble, emesis, diarrhea, abdominal pain, vaginal yeast infection, or a black “hairy” tongue, or a sore mouth and tongue. Less serious side effects can often be reduced to a tolerable level by reducing the dosage of Amoxicilline.
Amoxicilline should be taken exactly as prescribed by the physician. If the patient misses a dosage, the dosage should be taken as soon as it is remembered. However, if it is almost time for the next scheduled dosage, the missed dosage should be skipped to avoid the potential of an overdosage. If an overdosage is suspected, the patient should seek immediate emergency medical attention. An overdosage will present with symptoms such as pain, twitching, weakness, pain in the fingers or toes, muscle spasm
, loss of feeling in the fingers or toes, confusion
, agitation, seizures, coma, or death.
There is a risk of negative drug interaction associated with Amoxicilline. A thorough medical history should be understood prior to prescribing this medication. Patients are urged to inquire with the prescribing physician before taking any new medications, including over the counter medications and herbal remedies. Medications with known negative drug interactions with Amoxicilline include any additional antibiotic, methotrexate
, probenecid, and allopurinol
Patients should take the entire prescription as directed by the physician, even if their symptoms subside. Patients who end their treatment of Amoxicilline early run the risk of a relapse of infection that is more severe and more resistant to antibiotics. The chronic or overly frequent use of antibiotics can lead to the body's tolerance of the medication, rendering it ineffective.
Amoxicilline has the following structural formula:
• Molecular formula of amoxicilline is C16H19N3O5S
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 7-[2-amino-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-acetyl]amino-3,3- dimethyl-6-oxo-2-thia-5-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-4-carboxylic acid
• Molecular weight is 365.405 g/mol
• Amoxicilline available : 500mg capsules, 400mg chew tabs, 200mg/5ml suspension 100ml bottle, 250mg/5ml suspension 100ml bottle, 400mg/5ml suspension 100ml bottle, 125mg/5ml suspension 150ml bottle, 250mg/5ml suspension 150ml bottle, 50mg/ml suspension 30ml bottle, 400mg/5ml suspension 50ml bottle, 400mg/5ml suspension 75ml bottle, 500mg tablets, 875mg tablets