Austracil review

Austracil is an antibiotic introduced to the medical world in 1949. Since, it has been useful in treating bacterial infections caused by drug-resistant microorganisms. It has been used in many third-world countries because it is inexpensive compared to other antibiotics. In the United States, Austracil is used rarely because of its suspected role in the patient's risk for aplastic anaemia. Popular forms of Austracil in the West are ointment and eye drops, used to reduce the symptoms of bacterial conjunctivitis. In other countries, Austracil is useful in treating pneumonia and other bacterial infections that involve the eye and the prostrate gland.

Austracil is given by mouth, through an IV or topically. Austracil comes in 250mg capsules and 125mg/5ml liquid suspension while other forms come in a variety of doses. The standard dose is 50mg per kilogram of body weight distributed evenly in four dosing periods. Serious conditions may require double the typical dose while newborns use only half since they do not metabolize the medication as effectively.

Precautions must be taken before prescribing Austracil. Young children, four years and below, using this medication must be closely monitored. Austracil can induce abnormal activity of blood cells and cause serious health problems. Since this medication is metabolized by the liver, any form of liver disorder should be discussed with your physician. Patients with liver or kidney diseases require a dose adjustment from their physicians to avoid damage. Pregnant and lactating women should not take Austracil without the advice of their physician. Austracil may pose harm to fetuses and newborns.

If you are taking other medicaments, inform your physician about each one of them, including vitamins. Some medicines interact negatively with Austracil and must not be taken together.

Austracil is not popular in the US because of its harsh side effects. The most serious is aplastic anaemia, a condition that is very rare yet fatal. It is not proven that blood count monitoring can prevent aplastic anaemia but it has been observed to reduce the possibilities of complications connected with Austracil. Higher risk for aplastic anaemia is found in patients taking it orally. The patients at least risk are the ones using the eye drops. Other side effects of Austracil include bone marrow suppression, childhood leukemia, and Gray Baby Syndrome.

When taking Austracil, make sure that you are closely monitored by your physician. Keeping a close watch on the progress of your symptoms and on the responses of your body to the medication will help your physician quickly resolve any issues that may arise. Never take this medicine without your physician's advice and never use another person's or an old prescription for your current condition.

Austracil has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of austracil

• Molecular formula of austracil is C11H12Cl2N2O5
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 2,2-dichloro-N-[1,3-dihydroxy-1-(4-nitrophenyl)-propan-2-yl]-acetamide
• Molecular weight is 323.129 g/mol
Austracil available : 250mg tablets

Generic name: Chloramphenicol

Brand name(s): Alficetyn, Ambofen, Amphenicol, Amphicol, Amseclor, Anacetin, Aquamycetin, Austracol, Biocetin, Biophenicol, Catilan, Chemicetin, Chemicetina, Chlomin, Chlomycol, Chlora-Tabs, Chloramex, Chloramfenikol, Chloramficin, Chloramfilin, Chloramphenicole, Chloramsaar, Chlorasol, Chloricol, Chlornitromycin, Chlorocaps, Chlorocid, Chlorocide, Chlorocol, Chlorofair, Chloromax, Chloromycetin, Chloromycetny, Chloromyxin, Chloronitrin, Chloroptic, Chlorovules, Cidocetine, Ciplamycetin, Cloramfen, Cloramficin, Cloramicol, Cloramidina, Cloroamfenicolo, Clorocyn, Cloromisan, Clorosintex, Comycetin, Cylphenicol, Desphen, Detreomycin, Detreomycine, Dextromycetin, Doctamicina, Econochlor, Embacetin, Emetren, Enicol, Enteromycetin, Erbaplast, Ertilen, Farmicetina, Farmitcetina, Fenicol, Globenicol, Glorous, Halomycetin, Hortfenicol, Intramycetin, Isicetin, Ismicetina, Isophenicol, Juvamycetin, Kamaver, Kemicetina, Kemicetine, Klorita, Leukamycin, Leukomyan, Leukomycin, Levomicetina, Levomitsetin, Levomycetin, Liquichlor, Loromisan, Loromisin, Mastiphen, Mediamycetine, Medichol, Micloretin, Micochlorine, Micoclorina, Microcetina, Mychel, Mycinol, Normimycin V, Novochlorocap, Novomycetin, Novophenicol, Oftalent, Oleomycetin, Opclor, Opelor, Ophthochlor, Ophthoclor, Ophthocort, Ophtochlor, Optomycin, Otachron, Otophen, Owadziak, Pantovernil, Paraxin, Pedraczak, Pentamycetin, Pflanzol, Quellada, Quemicetina, Rivomycin, Romphenil, Ronphenil, Septicol, Sificetina, Sintomicetina, Sno-Phenicol, Stanomycetin, Synthomycetin, Synthomycetine, Synthomycine, Tevcocin, Tevcosin, Tifomycin, Tifomycine, Tiromycetin, Treomicetina, Tyfomycine, Unimycetin, Veticol, Viceton

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