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Avandia

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Avandia

Avandia review





Avandia can be generically prescribed as rosiglitazone and is a common medication used to help treat type 2 diabetes in conjunction with diet and exercise. Avandia is an oral diabetes medication that may be mixed with insulin to help control blood sugar levels.

Patients with type 1 diabetes or patients experiencing diabetic ketoacidosis are not good candidates for Avandia. Patients who are suffering from eye problems brought about by diabetes should find an alternative medication or might need to undergo special testing and dosing. Patients with a medical history which includes liver disease, congestive heart failure, heart disease, heart attack, or stroke may not be able to tolerate Avandia. Prescribing doctors should always be sure of the patient’s medical history before prescribing this medication.

Some women who are no longer getting their period suddenly begin to ovulate once again when taking Avandia. Birth control is recommended for women who are not receiving frequent menses but are starting Avandia.

The American Food and Drug Administration rated Avandia as a pregnancy risk category C, which means that Avandia may cause harm to a developing fetus. There is no evidence to indicate whether or not Avandia will cause harm to a nursing child. Patients who are pregnant, nursing, or who are likely to become pregnant should not take this medication.

Liver function tests, eye examinations, and regular blood sugar testing should be performed while patients are taking this medication. Physicians should clearly stress to patients their role in their own health, and their commitment to adhering to additional medication, exercise, and diet routines.

If a dose is forgotten, the dose can simply be taken when remembered. If it is almost time for the next dose, patients should skip the missed dose. Never should a double dose be taken to make up for a missed dose. Missing doses may cause severe fluctuations in blood sugar levels and should be avoided.

In the event of a suspected overdose, the patient will require medical assistance without any delay. The emergency room physician may notice symptoms such as sweating, dizziness, tremors, hunger, confusion, irritability, headaches, weakness, drowsiness, rapid heart rate, seizures, fainting, coma, and in some cases, death.

Some side effects associated with Avandia can be life threatening and patients who experience them should report to the emergency room or urgent care facility. Allergic reactions have tell tale signs like swelling of the face, tongue, or throat, hives, and difficulty breathing. Other serious, life threatening reactions may include a general shortness of breath, chest pain or heart attack symptoms, blurry vision, weakness with easy bruising and bleeding, pale skin, rapid weight gain, sudden swelling, significant increase in thirst or hunger, an increase in urine output, and nausea accompanied by low fever, stomach pain, dark urine, clay colored stools, lack of appetite, and jaundice.

Less serious side effects should be reported to the prescribing physician, but are not known to cause any serious health threat. Side effects like cold symptoms, cough, runny nose, back pain, gradual weight gain, headaches, and mild diarrhea are quite common.

Patients should be wary about using additional medication, those that are prescribed, purchased over the counter, contain herbal medicine, or vitamin supplements can cause drops and increases in blood sugar, or other unsafe interactions. Medications with known issues include rifampin, gemfibrozil, probenecid, beta blockers, sulfa drugs, MAO inhibitors, aspirin, NSAID pain relievers, diet pills, medication for asthma and lung disorders, cold and allergy medication, birth control pills, seizure medication, phenothiazines, steroids, thyroid medications, isoniazid, and diuretics.

Avandia has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of avandia


• Molecular formula of avandia is C18H19N3O3S
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 5-[[4-[2-(methyl-pyridin-2-yl-amino)ethoxy]phenyl]methyl]thiazolidine-2,4-dione
• Molecular weight is 357.428 g/mol
Avandia available : 2mg tablets, 4mg tablets, 8mg tablets

Generic name: Rosiglitazone

Brand name(s): Avandamet, Rosigliazone maleate, Rosiglitazone maleate, Rosiglizole

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