Calcium, or calcium acetate, is a necessary mineral that the body requires in order to perform numerous basic functions. Many patients take calcium to help build up their bone density or to maintain bone density, depending on their age, while others take it to help control levels of phosphate in the body as a result of kidney failure. Calcium can be purchased in numerous forms, including under the brand names, Calphron, PhosLos, and PhosLo Gelcap. Calcium ramoves excess phosphate by binding to the molecules and rendering it useless.
Patients with high levels of calcium in the blood should not take additional calcium Patients should have their calcium levels checked before starting the supplement, as too much calcium can cause illness. Patients who take prescription digoxin should not take calcium supplements.
The American Food and Drug Administration rated calcium and calcium based supplements a pregnancy risk category C. This means that it is possible for this drug to cause harm to an unborn baby. Calcium acetate has not been determined one way or the other to harm a nursing child. Women who are pregnant, could become pregnant, or nursing should discuss the risks of taking this type of supplementation and their nutritional needs thoroughly with their physician.
Patients should take this medication with meals as prescribed. Patients should also have their blood tested regularly to be certain that it is not doing any harm. Some patients are required to keep food diaries to help judge the amount of calcium they are receiving through their diet.
If a dose has been missed, it can be taken when it is remembered. Some patients need to take their calcium with food and may prefer to skip the dose. If there isn’t much time between doses, the missed dose should be skipped and the dosing should resume with the next regular dose. Patients should be urged to avoid taking double doses, as this can lead to overdosing.
Too much calcium in the blood can have serious effects, and an overdose should be treated like a medical emergency. Patients may experience dry mouth, constipation, confusion, feeling thirsty, a frequent need to urinate, nausea, lack of appetite, fainting, coma, and in some cases, death.
Patients should not take antacids with calcium unless the physician has instructed them to do so.
In some patients, calcium will incur allergic reactions, which require immediate medical attention. Allergic reactions include swelling of the face, lips, mouth, tongue, and throat, hives, and difficulty breathing.
Often less serious side effects include constipation, nausea, vomiting, dry mouth, loss of appetite, increased thirst, and significant increase in urination. Less serious side effects generally require nothing more than noting them to the prescribing physician, unless they are particularly bothersome.
Some medications may cause unsatisfactory interactions with calcium Patients should never take any additional medication without conferring with the prescribing physician. Medications such as demeclocycline, tetracycline, doxycycline, and minocycline can cause severe interactions. Some patients will be able to handle a simple dosage adjustment while others will not be able to tolerate the combination at all.
Calcium has the following structural formula:
• Molecular formula of calcium is C4H6CaO4
• Molecular weight is 158.17 g/mol
• Molecular weight is 158.17 g/mol
Brand name(s): Brown Acetate, Calac, Calcium Diacetate, Electrovite, Gray Acetate, Hyperlyte, Lime Acetate, Lime Pyrolignite, PhosLo, Procalamine, Sorbo-calcian, Sorbo-calcion, Teltozan, Vinegar salts
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