, which is also prescribed as Soma
and Vanadom, is commonly used to treat injuries and musculoskeletal conditions that cause pain. Carisoprodol works by relaxing muscles and blocking the pain sensations sent by the nerves
which register in the brain
Carisoprodol is not appropriate for everyone. A thorough medical history should be evaluated prior to prescribing this medication. Patients with a medical history which includes drug addiction
, or other seizure disorder may not be able to take carisoprodol or may require careful monitoring while undergoing drug therapy with this medication, depending on the condition and the severity of the condition. This medication has not been approved for children under 12 years old.
The American Food and Drug Administration rated carisoprodol as a pregnancy risk category C. Carisoprodol has been known to cause harm or birth defects in unborn babies. It has yet to be determined whether or not this medication passes through the mother’s breast
milk and affects a nursing baby. The prescribing physician should not prescribe this medication to women who are pregnant or nursing.
There is a risk of side effects associated with carisoprodol, some of which are severe. A patient who is experiencing a serious side effect or an allergic reaction should seek immediate emergency medical attention. An allergic reaction will present with symptoms which include facial swelling
, including swelling of the lips
, throat, and tongue
, and difficulty breathing. Other serious side effects which require immediate emergency medical attention include symptoms such as convulsions, vision loss, paralysis, lightheadedness, fainting, extreme weakness, loss of balance
or coordination, agitation, confusion
, or fast heart
Other less serious side effects typically do not require emergency medical attention but should be reported to the prescribing physician. Patients should be encouraged to report all side effects. Less serious side effects include symptoms such as headache
, drowsiness, dizziness
, tremor, depression
, drowsiness, nausea
, or hiccups
. Less serious side effects can often be reduced to a tolerable level by reducing the dosage of carisoprodol.
Carisoprodol should be taken exactly as it has been prescribed by the physician. If the patient misses a dose, the dose should be taken as soon as it is remembered. However, if it is almost time for the next scheduled dose, the missed dose should be skipped to avoid the potential for an overdose. The patient should never take a double dose of this medication. If an over dose is suspected, the patient should seek immediate emergency medical attention. An overdose will present with symptoms such as breathing problems, shallow breathing, vision problems, fast heart beat, confusion, hallucinations
, convulsions, muscle stiffness, fainting, and tremors
There is a risk of negative drug interactions associated with carisoprodol. A thorough medical history should be understood prior to prescribing this medication. Patients should be urged to inquire with the prescribing physician before taking any new medications, including over the counter medications and herbal remedies. Medications with a known drug interaction with carisoprodol include alcohol, cough
and cold medications, some antidepressants, and medication that has been proven to cause drowsiness.
This medication can become habit forming. It is not appropriate for individuals with a likelihood to become addicted, including but not limited to patients with a drug or alcohol dependency.
Carisoprodol has the following structural formula:
• Molecular formula of carisoprodol is C12H24N2O4
• Chemical IUPAC Name is [2-methyl-2-(1-methylethylcarbamoyloxymethyl)pentyl]aminomethanoate
• Molecular weight is 260.33 g/mol
• Carisoprodol available : 350mg tablets