Claritin-D review

Claritin-D, which is generically prescribed as loratadine and psudoephedrine, is commonly used to treat the symptoms of allergies. Claritin-D is part of the family of medications known as antihistamines which block the histamine reaction in the body. This prevents the symptoms such as runny nose, itchy, watery eyes, sneezing, and cough. Psudoephedrine constricts the blood vessels, arteries, and veins in the body which reduces congestion.

Claritin-D is not appropriate for everyone. A thorough medical history should be assessed prior to prescribing this medication. Patients with a medical history which includes diabetes, glaucoma, increased eye pressure, thyroid problems, urinary retention, enlarged prostate, kidney disease, liver disease, heart disease, high blood pressure, irregular heart rate, narrowing esophagus, intestinal tract problems, asthma, lung diseases, or difficulty swallowing may not be able to take Claritin-D or may require careful monitoring, depending on the condition and the severity of the condition. Patients who have taken an MAO inhibitor within the previous fourteen days can not take Claritin-D.

The American Food and Drug Administration has rated Claritin-D as a pregnancy risk category B, which means that Claritin-D is not expected to cause harm or birth defects to an unborn baby. This medication does pass through the mother’s breast milk and may affect a nursing baby. The prescribing physician should discuss whether the benefits outweigh the risks prior to prescribing Claritin-D.

There is a risk of side effects associated with Claritin-D, some of which are severe. A patient experiencing a serious side effect or an allergic reaction should seek immediate emergency medical intervention. An allergic reaction will present with symptoms that include facial swelling, including swelling on the mouth, tongue, throat, or lips, hives, and difficulty breathing. Other serious side effects that require immediate medical attention include symptoms such as seizures, irregular heart rate, or a pounding and fast heart beat.

Other less serious side effects typically do not require emergency medical care, however they should be reported to the prescribing physician. Patients should be encouraged to report side effects. Less serious side effects include symptoms such as dry skin, itchy skin, discolored urine, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, nervousness, insomnia, headache, or dizziness. Less serious side effects can typically be reduced to a tolerable level by reducing the dosage of Claritin-D.

Claritin-D should be taken exactly as prescribed. If the patient misses a dose, the dose should be taken as soon as it has been remembered. However, if it is close to the time for the next scheduled dose, the missed dose should be skipped to prevent the potential of an overdose. If an overdose is suspected the patient should seek immediate emergency medical care. The patient should never take a double dose of this medication. An overdose will present with symptoms that include headache, drowsiness, irregular heart rate, nausea, vomiting, sweating, increased thirst, weakness, and restlessness.

There is a risk of negative drug interactions associated with Claritin-D. A thorough medical history should be understood prior to prescribing this medication. Patients should be urged to inquire with the prescribing physician before taking any new medication including over the counter medication or herbal remedies. Medications known to negatively interact with Claritin-D include heart medications, caffeine, diet pills, amphetamines, decongestants, or MAO inhibitors. Mixing Claritin-D with an MAO inhibitor within fourteen days of stopping either medication can result in serious consequences, including death.

Claritin-d has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of claritin-d

• Molecular formula of claritin-d is C22H23ClN2O2
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 4-(8-chloro-5,6-dihydro-11H-benzo[5,6]cyclohepta [1,2-b]pyridin-11-ylidene)-1-piperidinecarboxylic acid ethyl ester
• Molecular weight is 382.883 g/mol
Claritin-d available : 10mg tablets

Generic name: Loratadine

Brand name(s): Aerotina, Alarin, Alavert, Alerpriv, Allertidin, Biloina, Bonalerg, Civeran, Claratyne, Clarinase, Clarinex, Claritin, Claritin Reditab, Claritine, Clarityn, Clarityne, Fristamin, Histaloran, Lergy, Lertamine, Lesidas, Liberator, Lisino, Loracert, Loradex, Loradif, Loranox, Lorantis, Lorastine, Loratadina, Loratadinum, Loratyne, Loraver, Lorfast, Loritine, Lowadina, Nularef, Optimin, Polaratyne, Pylor, Restamine, Rhinase, Rinomex, Sanelor, Sensibit, Sohotin, Tadine, Velodan, Versal, Zeos

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