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Clotrimazole

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Clotrimazole

Clotrimazole review





Clotrimazole is used for curing fungal infections like ringworm and vaginal yeast infections. It is available over the counter in dosage forms like cream and liquid.

Adults and teenagers can take Clotrimazole for treatment of their fungal infections. Children who are under 17 years of age are not recommended to use this drug. Clotrimazole is marketed under the brand name of Lomitrin and Lomitrin AF. The drug contains two important elements: clotrimazole, which prevents the growth of fungus, and betamethasone, which reduces the swelling, itching, and redness common among skin infections.

Clotrimazole is applied directly on the infected area of the skin. Before applying, the area should be cleaned and dried thoroughly. For best results, patients should use it twice every day- once in the morning and once in the evening.

Never wrap, bandage, or cover the treated area unless instructed by a physician. Loose-fitting clothes should be worn after applying Clotrimazole on the groin area.

Clotrimazole should never be applied on the eyes, mouth, nose, or inside the female organ. In case the drug is accidentally applied in these areas, simply flush it with lots of water.

The dosage and the length of treatment is dependent on the infection that is being treated. For jock itch, the treatment usually lasts 2 weeks. Treatment for athletes’ foot is usually 4 weeks. Use of Clotrimazole should not exceed 45 grams of cream and 45 milliliters for the lotion in a week.

Users should inform their physicians in case their condition does not improve after a week for jock itch, and 2 weeks for athlete’s foot. Continue to use Clotrimazole until the prescribed dosage is completed, even if the symptoms go after a couple of days. Stopping the use can result to the infection re-appearing.

Some of the more common side effects of the use of Clotrimazole are burning, stinging, and dry skin. In case any of these symptoms persist, patients should immediately notify their physicians.

Users may also experience these rare but severe side effects such as acne, hair bumps, stretch marks, discoloration of the skin, and unexplained growth of hair.

There is also the remote possibility that the medication is absorbed into the bloodstream, triggering side effects that are common among children. These side effects may include unusual tiredness, headache, unexplained weight loss, swelling of the feet and ankles, increased urination, and blurred vision.

Before agreeing to use Clotrimazole, patients should inform their physician if they are allergic to drugs such as ketoconazole, corticosteroids, or clotrimazole itself. They should also inform of their medical history such as problems in blood circulation and immune system.

Elderly patients may be more sensitive to Clotrimazole owing to their thinning skin. Children, meanwhile, are more sensitive to corticosteroid and it can slow down the rate of growth of a child.

Doctors do not recommend Clotrimazole to pregnant women unless it is clearly needed. Pregnant women should clarify the risks involved and the benefits of using Clotrimazole before deciding to use the drug.

Clotrimazole has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of clotrimazole


• Molecular formula of clotrimazole is C22H17ClN2
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 1-[(2-chlorophenyl)-diphenyl-methyl]imidazole
• Molecular weight is 344.837 g/mol
Clotrimazole available : 10mg tablets

Brand name(s): Canesten, Canestine, Canifug, Chlotrimazole, Cimetidine, Cimitidine, Clotrimaderm, Clotrimazol, Crystalline Clotrimazole, Empecid, FemCare, Gyne lotrimin, Gynix, Lotrimin, Lotrisone, Mono-baycuten, Mycelax, Mycelex, Myclo, Mycosporin, Mykosporin, Neo-Zol, Trimysten, Veltrim

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