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Dantroleno

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Dantroleno

Dantroleno review





Dantroleno is a muscle relaxant used to relieve tension in the muscles. It is primarily used to treat symptoms of disseminated sclerosis (MS), stroke, cerebral palsy (CP), and spinal injuries such as muscle spasms, cramps, and general tightness. It does not cure these conditions but treats the symptoms resulting from the disorders, improving the patient's condition especially when taken in conjunction with other handling such as physical therapy.

DANTROLENO ACTION

Dantroleno is also useful in treating malignant hyperthermia (MH) - a condition that may occur post-surgery or after administration of anesthesia. Malignant hyperthermia is experienced as an extremely high fever, irregular heartbeat, and breathing problems.

This medication is marketed as Dantroleno in North America, and Dantrolen in Europe by Procter & Gamble. It is available in an oral capsule and vials for injection.

Dantroleno, administered intravenously, treats symptoms of malignant hyperthermia such as muscle cramps, spasms and contractions. Other symptoms treatable by the intravenous form include irregular heartbeats, unusually fast breathing, and increased carbon dioxide levels in the blood.

The capsule is used to treat muscular stiffness and pain resulting from other conditions such cerebral palsy or disseminated sclerosis. The capsule form may be prescribed by doctors to treat cases of high fever.

DANTROLENO DOSAGE

For the capsule, it is usually initially taken once a day and then gradually increased to 2 to 4 times each day. If you find it difficult to swallow capsules, the contents of the capsules may be dissolved in fruit juice and taken together to facilitate the medication. Dantroleno must be taken exactly as your doctor prescribes and you should read the instructions accompanying the medication. The doctor may instruct you to cease taking the medication if positive results are not seen in 45 days.

If used specifically for pre-operation prevention of potential MH, the dosage is often dependent on the patient's body weight - at around 4 to 8 mg/kg/day of oral Dantroleno usually distributed in 3 to 4 dosages 1 or 2 days before surgery. The last dosage before operation should be given with water at least 3 to 4 hours before the surgery.

If using the intravenous preparation for treating the sudden onset of MH, a rapid administration of Dantroleno is advised. Starting from a dosage of 1mg/kg, it should be increased up to a maximum of 10mg/kg until symptoms subside.

Post-MH-episode handlings for either intravenous or oral Dantroleno follow similar dosages, but consult your doctor for details.

DANTROLENO SIDE EFFECTS

Side effects may include stomach disorders such as diarrhea or constipation, general lethargy or dizziness. Other less frequent side effects which may require medical attention include irregular heartbeat, depression, abnormal hair growth, rashes, problems in urination and hypersensitivity.

Dantroleno may cause severe liver problems in some cases. These adverse effects occur more often when the medication is taken in larger dosages exceeding 800mg per day. Women over 35 years of age also seem to have a greater risk for liver damage. Discontinue use of the medication after 45 days if no improvement is observed. Inform your doctor of any of the following symptoms: jaundice, passing dark-colored urine, extreme stomach or abdominal pain, and unusual lethargy.

Dantroleno has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of dantroleno


 Molecular formula of dantroleno is C14H10N4O5
 Chemical IUPAC Name is 1-[[5-(4-nitrophenyl)-2-furyl]methylideneamino]imidazolidine-2,4-dione
 Molecular weight is 314.253 g/mol

Generic name: Dantrolene

Brand name(s): Dantrium, Dantrolenum

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