, a medication used to treat bronchial asthma
and those suffering from a range of respiratory problems related to nasal
problems, is a glucocorticoid steroid that interacts with hydrocortisone
or cortisol, the two chemicals naturally produced by the body via the adrenal glands
. Its main effect upon inhalation is that of an anti-inflammatory, which lessens the possible reaction of the airways prior to asthma attacks. This causes a retardation of the initial hypersensitivity of the main airways, preventing spasms and allowing air to pass through more easily for proper respiration.
Desowen should not be given during an asthma attack but only as a preventive measure for future asthma attacks.
Desowen is for patients having problems with hypersensitivity attacks that entail constricting of airways. It is also for patients who have allergic reactions
that also lead to the same constriction pattern. Desowen is used to treat long-term ailments for asthma and is recommended for patients with difficulty breathing at night or those with paroxysmal nocturnal asthma attacks.
This medication is not for patients suffering from acute attacks of asthma. Usually, this medication is given to patients who are six years of age and older. The immediate effects of the medication may be seen as early as 24 hours after initial dosage, while full effects will be significantly seen within 1 to 2 weeks.
For adults, the typical dosage is 1 to 4 puffs, two times a day. For children, the dosage is typically halved, with 1 to 2 puffs, twice per day. There are some instances where doctors will use this medication to treat mild asthma. The number of puffs would still be based on the age of the patient, but the frequency per day would be halved.
Some side effects include a mild cough
or wheezing. A bronchodilator such as Ventolin
, or any albuterol
medication usually counteracts this side effect. This counter medication is taken prior to taking Desowen to prevent the side effect.
There are some instances where oral thrush
may thrive. Usual statistics are about 1 in every 25 patients, but this is considered to be due to either a weakened immune system or improper hygiene especially in between puffs.
A long-term side effect of the glucocorticoid content of Desowen may alter or decrease the calcium
formation of patients, which may cause osteoporosis
Desowen’s interaction with other medications is very minimal, except for those using Ketoconazole
. It is documented that the presence of Ketoconazole in the body increases the amount of retained Desowen. This may account for the increased chance of a side effect. General precautions should be given to those who are pregnant.
Desowen has the following structural formula:
• Molecular formula of desowen is C25H34O6
• Desowen available : nasal spray 32 mcg