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Galantamine

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Galantamine

Galantamine review





Galantamine is a type of alkaloid which was first used for cure of polio. Today it is known as a medication for Alzheimer’s disease and other ailments affecting a person’s memory.

Galantamine is marketed under the brand names Razadyne, Nivalin, Reminyl, and Razadyne ER. It is particularly given to patients suffering from Alzheimer’s disease, although it cannot completely cure the ailment. Galantamine can, however, improve the memory of some patients suffering from the ailment.

The initial dosage of Galantamine oral tablets is 4 milligrams taken twice a day. The patient may take increased dosage if the body responds positively to the medication. This is usually taken once in the morning and once in the evening, preferably after meals.

For extended release capsule of Galantamine, the initial dosage is 8 milligrams taken once a day. The dosage can be increased if the patient responds well enough to the medication. This is usually taken after the morning meal.

The dosage may vary according to the conditions and age of the patients. The number of dosages, amount of time between doses, and the time allowed to take Galantamine also depend on the conditions of the patient.

Patients should drink enough water when taking Galantamine.

In case of a missed dose, patients should immediately take the drug as soon as possible. They should not take 2 doses at a time to make up for a missed dose.

Patients should also take their evening and morning doses at least 8 hours apart.

Galantine can cause some side effects to its users. Although the chances are relatively low, patients should seek medical help in case any of these side effects worsen or persist.

Some of the side effects from the use of Galantamine include discomfort or pain in the chest, and difficulty in breathing.

Patients may also experience bloody stool, constipation, confusion, infrequent urination, convulsions, dry mouth, irregular heartbeat, changes in mood, increased thirst, numbness and tingling of the feet, hands or lips, rapid breathing, sunken eyes, serious pain in the stomach, and wrinkled skin.

Patients may also suffer from overdose. Some of the symptoms of Galantamine overdose are cramps, uncontrolled urination or defecation, dizziness, fainting, drooling, increased sweating, muscle weakness, low blood pressure, seizures, muscle weakness, severe nausea, slow heartbeat, troubled breathing, and watering mouth.

Most side effects may go away once the body adjusts to the use of Galantamine.

Patients should never take Galantamine unless they have told their physicians about the other medications they are taking. These include nonprescription drugs like aspirin and drugs for asthma, cough, colds, and sinusitis.

This medication can cause patients to have intestinal and stomach problems. Patients should inform their doctors if they have been experiencing vomiting, nausea, stomach pain, and diarrhea before taking this medication.

The patient’s medical history should also be divulged before being prescribed with Galantamine. Patients who have had kidney problems, heart ailments, lung diseases, urinary tract infection, stomach ulcer and epilepsy may be at risk of side effects when using Galantamine.

Galantamine has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of galantamine


• Molecular formula of galantamine is C17H21NO3
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 4a,5,9,10,11,12-Hexahydro-3-methoxy-11-methyl-6H-benzofuro[3a,3,2-ef][2]benzazepin-6-ol
• Molecular weight is 287.354 g/mol
Galantamine available : 4mg tablets, 8mg tablets and 12mg tablets

Brand name(s): Galantamin, Galanthamine, Jilkon, Lycoremin, Lycoremine, Reminyl

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