Glatiramer is a drug that is prescribed for sclerosis. It prevents the immune system from attacking nerves found in the brain and spinal cord.
Glatiramer is more popular as Copaxone. It is injected to individuals suffering from multiple sclerosis. It is also referred to as an immunomodulator.
This medication is injected underneath the skin. Patients or their family members should ask a healthcare professional on how to properly use of administer this drug.
Hands should be washed and dried before anyone injects Glatiramer on a patient. Cold Glatiramer must never be injected since it can be very painful. The product should also be checked first for any particle or sign of discoloration before being used.
Glatiramer is normally administered at 20 milligrams once a day. It is recommended that it is given during the same time of the day.
Before injecting the drug, the injection site should be cleaned with rubbing alcohol. Most doctors suggest that the injection site is changed every day to prevent risks of skin irritations. It is also advisable not to reuse an injection site for a week.
Ideal injection sites are skin of the hip, abdomen, thigh, buttock and the upper arm. This drug should not be injected into a vein.
The dosage may vary according to the patient’s condition as well as response to the medication. Patients should not stop using this drug without the approval of a doctor.
Glatiramer can cause side effects, however most of these symptoms may disappear once the body gets accustomed to the medication.
For instance, there could be pain, soreness, redness or swelling in the injected area. Patients may also suffer from chills, nausea, neck pain, joint aches and headaches.
In case any of these symptoms persist or worsen, patients should immediately seek medical help.
Some of the more serious side effects may occur to patients such as dizziness, fainting, and changes in mood or mental state like depression. Patients may also suffer from infection characterized by fever and persistent sore throat, severe pain, tremors, vision problems, and swollen feet or legs.
It is very unlikely that patients will suffer from allergic reaction to Glatiramer, although they should immediately consult a doctor in case they experience rashes, itching, severe dizziness, difficulty in breathing, and swelling.
Patients should be divulge details on any medication they are taking, whether prescription or nonprescription drugs, before agreeing to take Glatiramer. These include dietary supplements, herbal medications and vitamins that the patient may be taking. Certain medications may interact negatively with Glaritamer.
They should also tell their doctors about their medical history especially if they have had heart diseases such as heart attack and chest pains in the past.
It is not yet known if Glatiramer can be passed into infants through breastfeeding. Patients should consult their physicians on whether it is safe to breastfeed while using this medication.
Patients should never stop or change their dosage without approval from a physician or pharmacist.
Brand name(s): Copaxone
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