Ipratropium review

Ipratropium is a kind of bronchodilator. It helps in relaxing the muscles surrounding the airways, helping people to breathe more easily.

Ipratropium is prescribed to individuals suffering from lung ailments like emphysema and chronic bronchitis. While Ipratropium does not work as quickly as a fast-relief inhaler, it can be effective in relieving acute attacks.

Ipratropium is marketed under the brand name Atrovent.

Before using Ipratropium, users should shake its canister well. Those using the HFA inhaler type, there is no need to shake its canister. It is advisable to use a space device when taking this medication.

This medication is inhaled by mouth 4 times a day, although a doctor may prescribe otherwise conforming to the condition of the patient. The eyes should be closed while the lips should be tightly placed around the mouthpiece. Spraying this medication into the eyes should be prevented since it can lead to vision changes and other types of irritation.

In case a doctor prescribes two inhalations, there should be a minute of interval between them. Those using other inhalers should wait for several minutes before using each medication.

The mouth should be rinsed after use to prevent risks of throat irritation and dry mouth.

It is advised that Ipratropium is taken consistently for users to get its full effects. Patients should not increase the dosage without the approval of the doctor.

Ipratropium can cause patients to experience side effects like dry throat, dry mouth, and cough. These symptoms happen as the body adjusts to the medication. Dizziness, headache, nervousness, nausea, upset stomach and constipation may also happen. In case any of these symptoms worsen, immediately notify a physician.

Patients may also experience severe side effects such as irregular heartbeat, changes in vision, eye pain, difficulty in breathing and urinating.

There is little risk of allergic reaction to Ipratropium. However, in case a patient experiences rashes, itching, severe dizziness, swelling, and difficulty in breathing, immediate medical help is recommended.

Patients who are allergic to peanuts, soya lecithin, soybean, atropine and other belladonna-type medications should tell their doctors of their conditions before agreeing to take Ipratropium.

The medical history of the patient should also be looked into, especially those who have had enlarged prostate, difficulty in breathing, and narrow angle glaucoma.

This drug may also have its patients experience dizziness, although the chances are very low. It can also cause blurred vision if the drug is accidentally sprayed on the eyes.

The use of this medication can have an affect on the mental alertness and vision of the user. Users are thus cautioned on using this medication especially if they have to drive or operate machineries. The limited use of alcoholic beverages is also important.

Patients should also tell their physician of any drugs, whether prescription or over the counter types, they are taking. This is especially true for those who are using antihistamines, anti-spasmodic, muscle relaxants, tricyclic antidepressants, pramlintide, and drugs for Parkinson’s disease such as benztropine.

Ipratropium has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of ipratropium

• Molecular formula of ipratropium is C20H30NO3
• Chemical IUPAC Name is [8-methyl-8-(1-methylethyl)-8-azoniabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl]3- hydroxy-2-phenyl-propanoate
• Molecular weight is 332.457 g/mol
Ipratropium available : 0.06% solution 15 ml nasal spray, 0.03% solution 30 ml nasal spray

Brand name(s): Aerovent, Apo-Ipravent, Apovent, Atronase, Atrovent, Bitrop, Disne-Asmol, Ipravent, Ipvent, Narilet, Rhinotrop, Rhinovent, Rinatec, Rinoberen, Rinovagos, Vagos

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