Ketoconazole review

Ketoconazole is prescribed by doctors to treat certain kinds of fungal infections. This drug is used often to treat fungal infections that have great chances of spreading to different parts of the body through passing in the bloodstream such as infections that originate in the lungs or skin and yeast infections of the skin, urinary tract, mouth and blood. Ketoconazole may also be prescribed to treat fungal infections of the nails or skin that cannot be treated with other antifungal medications.

Ketoconazole belongs to a class of antifungals known as imidazoles and it works by delaying the growth of the infection-causin fungi.

Ketoconazole is in tablet form and should be taken orally once a day. For you not to forget to take Ketoconazole, it is highly encouraged that you take it about the same time per day. There are certain medical conditions wherein doctors will prescribe patients to dissolve the tablet in a solution before intake.

Most doctors will start their patients on an average dose of Ketoconazole but if the condition or infection is very serious, the doctor may have to increase the dose of medication, especially if there seems to be no response from the body with just ordinary average doses. Do not stop taking Ketoconazole without the doctor’s order or else the infection will not be cured and there will be higher chances that the infection will come back again after just a short time.

Ketoconazole may also be used to treat tinea versicolor, vaginal yeast infections, leishmaniasis, eumycetoma, high blood levels of calcium in patients with certain conditions, prostate cancer, excessive hair growth in women and Cushing’s syndrome.

Before you take Ketoconazole, be sure to tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking other antifungal medications such as itraconazole, fluconazole or voriconazole. Do not take Ketoconazole if you are taking triazolam or Halcion.

If you are taking antihistamines, antacids, and other medications for heartburn, ulcers, irritable bowel disease, Parkinson’s disease, motion sickness, and urinary problems, take them 2 hours after you have taken Ketoconazole.

If you are pregnant, planning to be pregnant or currently breastfeeding a baby, you should consult your doctor prior to your inatke of Ketoconazole to ensure the safety and health of the baby. Do not breastfeed while under Ketoconazole medication.

Taking alcoholic beverages while under Ketoconazole medication may lead to appearance of aversive symptoms such as rashes, flushing, upset stomach, severe headache, and swelling in some parts of the body.

Some side effects of ketoconazole include depression and stomach pain. The symptom of depression may be a bit hard to detect because it usually gets mistaken or mixed up with feelings of stress or loneliness. People should be alarmed if they are already experiencing severe loneliness because that might already be depression.

More serious symptoms include rashes, hives, difficulty swallowing or breathing, itching and thinking or planning of hurting or killing oneself. It is obvious that Ketoconazole may affect the psychological state of an individual that’s why proper dosage must really be observed to avoid encountering problems.

Ketoconazole has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of ketoconazole

• Molecular formula of ketoconazole is C26H28Cl2N4O4
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 1-[4-[4-[[2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-(1H-imidazol-1-ylmethyl)-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl] methoxy]phenyl]piperazin-1-yl]ethanone
• Molecular weight is 531.43 g/mol
Ketoconazole available : 200mg tablets

Brand name(s): Extina, Fungarest, Fungoral, Ketocanazole, Ketoconazol, Ketoconazolum, Ketoderm, Ketoisdin, Ketozole, Nizoral, Orifungal, Panfungol

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