Lithium carbonate
Lithium Carbonate

Lithium carbonate review

Lithium Carbonate is a chemical compound that comes in the form of a colorless salt. Typically used in dealing with metal oxide, Lithium Carbonate is now gaining attention for its use in treatment of psychiatric patients. More specifically, Lithium Carbonate has been used for the treatment of those with manic-depressive illnesses. Lithium Carbonate is especially is useful in responding to patients who are experiencing acute manic episodes.

Lithium Carbonate has also been found useful for the treatment of bipolar disorders. It is also applicable to other mood disorders.

Before starting on Lithium Carbonate, the patient must undergo full evaluation to ensure that any other existing medical condition is properly addressed. Those with cardiovascular or renal problems must discuss the dosage with their doctors. Also, those with serious lack of sodium in the body also need to coordinate the treatment with their doctors. Those who take diuretics or water pills should also be careful. This is because while under Lithium Carbonate treatment, it is extremely necessary to maintain proper balance between the salt and water in the body.

Normally, doctors will start the patient on a 600-900mg daily intake of Lithium Carbonate. This intake is usually spread out in three doses. The dosage will be increased according to the severity of the manic episodes. Once the patient has come to a more stabilized situation, the dosage can then be lowered. However, it must be stressed that the dosage can only be determined and adjusted by the patient’s attending physician.

In order to ensure safety, health care professionals must maintain close observance of the patient’s condition. They must make sure that the levels of lithium in the body are at a tolerable level. While the patient is undergoing treatment, he must also undergo regular checks on the functions of his internal organs. More specifically, the function of his kidneys, heart and glands must be monitored carefully.

Aside from careful control of the medication, the patient must also be prepared for some side effects that come with altering the amount of lithium in the body. Initial dosage of Lithium Carbonate may lead to nausea, vertigo and muscle weakness. However, once the dosage is stabilized, these negative effects should subside. Some side effects will persist throughout the treatment process. These side effects include fatigue, thirst and hand tremors.

Lithium Carbonate can also affect the skin. It can aggravate existing acne and other skin conditions like psoriasis.

As the amount of lithium in the blood increases, so do the negative effects. If there is too much lithium, the patient may experience intoxication and display muscle twitchings, seizures, diarrhea, vomiting and coma. In more severe cases, very high lithium levels can lead to death.

There are many drugs which can have negative interactions with Lithium Carbonate. Some drugs may increase the toxicity of lithium. These include Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors. These are drugs prescribed to patients with hypertension. Also, anticonvulsants and calcium channel blockers seem to contribute to the toxicity of lithium. Patients should also avoid sodium bicarbonate since it affects the amount of lithium that is excreted.

• Molecular formula of lithium carbonate is Li2CO3
• Molecular weight is 73.8909 g/mol
Lithium carbonate available : 300mg tablets, 400mg tablets

Brand name(s): Eskalith

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