Magnesium review

Magnesium is not considered a medication, but a supplement for a naturally occurring mineral found in nature as well as the human body. When the body does not produce enough of the mineral, however, it becomes prudent to supplement a patient’s diet with man made magnesium caplets. While there are many systems in the human body that rely magnesium, the nerves and muscles are most heavily affected by magnesium levels. Some patients suffering from nerve or muscular diseases can benefit greatly from magnesium treatments.

The physician is the only one qualified to determine whether a patient will benefit from magnesium supplements. Many times there is not a need for it. Too much magnesium in the body is not healthy. Physicians should do thorough blood work for magnesium levels as well as examine a thorough medical history.

Patients with kidney disease and specific allergies most likely will not be able to tolerate taking additional magnesium. Dietary changes or other forms of magnesium might be more appropriate for patients such as this.

The American Food and Drug Administration has not rated magnesium with a pregnancy risk rating. Whether or not magnesium will cause harm to a developing fetus depends on a number of factors determined by the mother’s state of health. Women who are pregnant or who may become pregnant should thoroughly discuss their nutritional and supplemental needs with their physician before adding anything new. It has not yet been determined whether or not magnesium supplementation will cause an ill effect on a nursing baby. Women who are nursing should check with their physician first.

Patients should take their doses regularly and as prescribed. In the event of a missed dose, the patient should skip the dose if it is almost time for the next regular dose. Otherwise, the dose can just be taken when remembered.

It is possible to overdose on magnesium. An overdose can be life threatening. An overdose of magnesium requires emergency medical care promptly. An overdose may cause symptoms that include nausea, vomiting, slow heart rate, flushing, low blood pressure, drowsiness, coma, or death.

Diarrhea and upset stomach are common side effects often associated with magnesium supplements. Patients who experience these symptoms should talk with their doctor about reducing their dose or alternative methods of comforting their symptoms.

A small percentage of patients may experience an allergic reaction. An allergy to magnesium supplements may include hives, itching, swelling of the face, tongue, lips, mouth, or throat, and respiratory distress. Any patient who experiences an allergy attack like this should consider it a life threatening emergency and receive immediate medical help.

Magnesium supplements may interact poorly with other medication. Patients should never take magnesium, or any other supplement without first consulting their doctor. Patients should also consult their physician before taking any additional medication, prescription or over the counter. Medications with a known history of poor interactions include but are not limited to tetracycline antibiotics, digoxin, flouroquinolone antibiotics, nitrofurantoin, or penicillamine. Some patients may only require a dosage adjustment while others will not be able to take the supplement at all. Sometimes, although not always, there are other methods of increasing the magnesium levels in the blood without the use of supplements.

Magnesium has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of magnesium

• Molecular weight is 120.369 g/mol
Magnesium available : 50% solution 2ml vial

Brand name(s): Bitter salt, Epsom salt, Hair salt, Kieserite, Sal amarum, Sal anglicum, Sal catharticum, Sal seidlitense

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