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Methadone

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Methadone

Methadone review





Methadone is a medication that is used to help treat narcotic dependence and withdrawal. It has been used for more than 3 decades in the treatment of opioid addiction.

Methadone is known under the brand names Dolophine and Methadose. It is prescribed to individuals who have addiction to strong opiods like heroin. It is also used to substitute these drugs, as it can prevent withdrawal symptoms that users can experience when stopping the use such opiods.

This medication can also be used to relieve moderate to serious pain as well as coughs in terminal diseases such as lung cancer.

Dosage of this medication is based on the medical condition and the response to treatment of the patient. Ordinarily, a dosage of this medication is taken once a day. This drug is taken orally with or without food. Those who have nausea should take this medication with food.

This medication can cause mild side effects to its users. It should be noted, however, that incidence of side effects varies on the patient. Some patients may experience side effects while others may not.

Some of the side effects of Methadone are drowsiness, nausea, confusion, vomiting, dry mouth, constipation, and difficulty in breathing. Users of this medication may also have difficulties in breathing, experience hypotension, feel uneasy and restless, and experience hallucinations. Other side effects may include changes in mood, itching or rashes, decreased heart rate, palpitations, and decrease in libido.

There have also been instances when patients experience excessive sweating, abnormal heartbeat and increase pressure in the skull while using methadone. It is also not uncommon for patients to become dependent or addicted to this medication.

In some cases, these side effects will disappear once the body adjusts to the use of the medication. In case any of these side effects persist, a patient should immediately seek medical help.

This medication should never be used to those who have respiratory depression or that of a slow and shallow breathing. It should also not be given to those who have chronic obstructive airways disease, as well as those who have asthma attack. This medication is also not to be used to those who have used a monoamine-oxidase inhibitor antidepressant in the last 2 weeks.

Methadone should be used with caution to elderly people as well as the week, ill and debilitated. This drug should be used with caution by those who have decreased liver and kidney function. Methadone can also be damaging to those who breathing problems such as asthma, or those who have a history of convulsions.

Likewise, methadone should not be given to those who have enlarged prostate glands, low blood pressure, heart disease, under active thyroid gland, and family background of sudden deaths.

Pregnant women should use this medication with extreme caution. Doctors should discuss the benefits and risks of this medication to pregnant women before deciding on whether this drug is recommended to a pregnant patient.

Methadone has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of methadone


• Molecular formula of methadone is C21H27NO
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 6-dimethylamino-4,4-diphenyl-heptan-3-one
• Molecular weight is 309.445 g/mol
Methadone available : 5mg tablets and 10mg tablets

Brand name(s): Adanon, Adolan, Algidon, Algolysin, Algovetin, Amidon, Amidone, Biscuits, Butalgin, Depridol, Diaminon, Dollies, Dolly, Dolohepton, Dolophin, Dolophine, Dolophine HCL, Fenadon, Fenadone, Heptadon, Heptadone, Heptanon, Ketalgin, Mecodin, Medicine, Mephenon, Meth, Methadon, Methadose, Methaquaione, Miadone, Moheptan, Phenadone, Physeptone, Polamidon, Polamidone, Tussol, Westadone

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