Microzide review

Microzide, which is generically prescribed as hydrochlorothiazide, is commonly used to treat edema in patients with congestive heart failure or kidney disorders, or in patients who are taking long term steroids or estrogen. Microzide can also be used to treat high blood pressure.

Microzide is not appropriate for everyone. A thorough medical history should be assessed prior to prescribing this medication. Patients with a medical history which includes kidney disease, liver disease asthma, allergies, gout, inability to urinate, or diabetes may not be able to take Microzide or may require careful monitoring while undergoing drug therapy with this medication, depending on the condition and the severity of the condition.

The American Food and Drug Administration rated Microzide as a pregnancy risk category B. Microzide is not known to cause harm or birth defects to an unborn baby. Microzide has been proven to pass through the mother’s breast milk and may affect a nursing baby. The prescribing physician should discuss whether or not the benefits outweigh the risks prior to prescribing this medication to women who are pregnant. The prescribing physician should avoid prescribing this medication to women who are nursing.

There is a risk of side effects associated with Microzide, some of which are severe. A patient who is experiencing a serious side effect or an allergic reaction should seek immediate emergency medical attention. An allergic reaction will present with side effects such as facial swelling, including swelling of the lips, mouth, throat, or tongue, hives, and difficulty breathing. Other serious side effects which require immediate emergency medical attention include symptoms such as dry mouth, excessive thirst, nausea, vomiting, weakness, drowsiness, restlessness, lightheadedness, fast heart rate, uneven heart beat, muscle pain, muscle weakness, a skin rash that is red, blistering, or peeling, numbness, nausea, stomach pain, low fever, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay colored stools, or jaundice.

Less serious side effects typically do not require emergency medical attention but should be reported to the prescribing physician. Patients should be encouraged to report all side effects. Less serious side effects include symptoms such as diarrhea, stomach pain, constipation, and blurry vision. Less serious side effects can often be reduced to a tolerable level by reducing the dosage of Microzide.

Microzide should be taken exactly as it has been prescribed by the physician. If the patient misses a dose, the dose should be taken as soon as it is remembered. However, if it is almost time for the next scheduled dose, the missed dose should be skipped to avoid the potential for an overdose. The patient should never take a double dose of this medication. If an overdose is suspected, the patient should seek immediate emergency medical attention. An overdose will present with symptoms such as thirst, nausea, weakness, muscle pain, muscle weakness, dry mouth, dizziness, or disorientation.

There is a potential risk of negative drug interactions associated with Microzide. A thorough medical history should be understood prior to prescribing this medication. Patients should be urged to inquire with the prescribing physician before taking any new medications, including over the counter medications and herbal remedies. Medications with a known negative drug interactions with Microzide include lithium, digoxin, NSAID pain relievers, cholestyramine, additional blood pressure medications, insulin, or oral diabetes medications.

Microzide has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of microzide

• Molecular formula of microzide is C7H8ClN3O4S2
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 9-chloro-5,5-dioxo-5^6-thia-2,4-diazabicyclo[4.4.0]deca-6,8,10-triene-8-sulfonamide
• Molecular weight is 297.741 g/mol
Microzide available : 12.5mg capsules

Generic name: Hydrochlorothiazide

Brand name(s): Acuretic, Aldactazide, Aldoril, Apresazide, Aquarills, Aquarius, Bremil, Caplaril, Capozide, Chlorosulthiadil, Chlorothiazide, Chlorzide, Cidrex, Dichlorosal, Dichlorotride, Dichlotiazid, Dichlotride, Diclotride, Dicyclotride, Dihydrochlorothiazid, Dihydrochlorothiazide, Dihydrochlorothiazidum, Dihydrochlorurit, Dihydrochlorurite, Dihydroxychlorothiazidum, Direma, Disalunil, Diu-Melusin, Diuril, Drenol, Dyazide, Esidrex, Esidrix, Esimil, Fluvin, Hidril, Hidrochlortiazid, Hidroronol, Hidrotiazida, Hydril, Hydrochlorothiazid, Hydrodiuretic, Hydrodiuril, Hydropres, Hydrosaluric, Hydrothide, Hydrozide, Hypothiazid, Hypothiazide, Hyzaar, Idrotiazide, Inderide, Ivaugan, Maschitt, Maxzide, Megadiuril, Moduretic, Nefrix, Neo-Codema, Neoflumen, Newtolide, Oretic, Palonyl, Panurin, Perovex, Primogyn, Prinzide, Ro-Hydrazide, Servithiazid, Thiaretic, Thiuretic, Thlaretic, Timolide, Unipres, Urodiazin, Vaseretic, Vetidrex, Ziac, Zide

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