is more commonly known and prescribed as Provigil
and generically prescribed as Modafinil
. Modalert is commonly used for patients with sleeping disorders and excessive sleepiness to help control the symptoms of sleepiness associated with these medical problems. Modalert is not a substitute for reasonable sleep and is not intended to be used for patients who choose not to sleep.
Modalert is not appropriate for all patients, and a thorough medical history should always be taken before prescribing new medications. Patients with a medical history which includes kidney
disease, mental illness, chemical dependency, heart attack
, high blood pressure
, angina, left ventricular hypertrophy, mitral valve prolapse due to central nervous system
drug use, chest pain
, or irregular heart
rate may not be able to tolerate Modalert or may require careful monitoring while undergoing drug therapy with this medication, depending on the condition and the severity of the condition.
Modalert was rated a category C pregnancy risk by the American Food and Drug Administration which means that it has yet to be determined whether or not this medication causes harm or birth defects in developing fetuses. Modalert should not be prescribed to women who are pregnant or may become pregnant without thoroughly discussing the risks and benefit ratio. It has also yet to be determined whether or not Modalert passes through the mother’s breast
milk and may affect a nursing baby. Modalert should not be prescribed to women who are nursing without discussing the risks and the benefits.
Side effects may occur when starting Modalert, and patients over the age of 65 are more likely to experience side effects. Modalert is not appropriate for children. Side effects may be serious and any side effect which is terribly uncomfortable or listed as urgent requires immediate emergency medical attention. Serious side effects include shortness of breath, a drop in blood
pressure, irregular heart rate, or a sudden raise in blood pressure. Allergic reactions
can also occur when starting Modalert, which will present with hives
, facial swelling
, and difficulty breathing.
A missed dose that is taken later in the day is likely to cause insomnia
, however most missed doses can be taken when remembered. It is important not to take doses too close together and the patient should never take a double dose of Modalert, as this can result in an overdose. An overdose can be very serious, even a mild overdose. Overdoses require imminent medical attention. Symptoms such as tremors
, palpitations, excitability, nausea
, nervousness, aggressiveness, anxiety
, irritability, sleep problems, insomnia, and agitation may accompany an overdose.
Patients should avoid using alcohol, taking Modalert late in the day, and should not suddenly stop using this medication without first consulting a physician. Modalert can be habit forming.
Some side effects do not require a physician’s attention, although they should be reported to the physician to help ensure accurate dosing. Side effects such as depression
, insomnia, numbness, tingling, nervousness, dizziness
, anxiety, dry mouth
, sore throat, runny nose
, infection, headache
, nausea, decrease in appetite, and diarrhea
are quite common while taking Modalert.
Modalert should never be prescribed without an accurate medical assessment, and patients should always check with their physician or their pharmacist before taking any new medications, over the counter or herbal remedies included. Some medications are likely to react with Modalert, including diazepam
, blood thinners, rifampin
, phenobarbitol, cyclosporine
, tricyclic antidepressants, MAO inhibitors, CNS stimulants, phenytoin
, and propanolol.
Modalert has the following structural formula:
• Molecular formula of modalert is C15H15NO2S
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 2-benzhydrylsulfinylethanamide
• Molecular weight is 273.351 g/mol
• Modalert available : 100mg tablets, 200mg tablets