, which is generically prescribed as omeprazole
, is commonly used to treat the symptoms of gastroesophogeal reflux disease, gastric ulcers, and to promote the healing of the esophagus
lining from the damage caused by erosive esophagitis. Prilosec, which is now available in an over the counter form, is often prescribed to reduce the stomach acid caused by various conditions.
Prilosec is not appropriate for everyone. A thorough medical history should be assessed prior to prescribing this medication. Patients with a medical history which includes a previous symptoms such as omeprazole, bloody or black stools, trouble swallowing
, painful swallowing, heartburn
that has lasted longer than three months, bloody vomit, vomit that looks like coffee grounds, chest pain
, heartburn with wheezing, unexplained weight loss
, stomach pain, and liver
disease may not be able to take Prilosec or may require careful monitoring while undergoing drug therapy with Prilosec, depending on the condition and the severity of the condition. This medication is not recommended for children under the age of twelve.
The American Food and Drug Administration rated Prilosec as a pregnancy risk category C. Prilosec may cause harm or birth defects to an unborn baby. This medication does pass into the mother’s breast
milk and may harm a nursing baby. The prescribing physician should avoid prescribing this medication to a pregnant or nursing woman, or to a woman who is likely to become pregnant.
There is a risk of side effects associated with Prilosec, some of which are severe. A patient who is experiencing a serious side effect or an allergic reaction should seek immediate medical attention. An allergic reaction will present with symptoms which include facial swelling
, including swelling of the lips
, or throat, hives
, and difficulty breathing. Other serious side effects which require emergency medical care include symptoms such as uncontrollable diarrhea
Other less serious side effects typically do not require emergency medical care but should be reported to the prescribing physician. Patients should be encouraged to report all side effects. Less serious side effects include symptoms such as headaches
, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, bloating, and gas. Less serious side effects can often be reduced to a tolerable level by reducing the dosage of Prilosec.
Prilosec should be taken exactly as it is prescribed. If the patient misses a dose, the missed dose should be taken as soon as it is remembered. However, if it is almost time for the next scheduled dose, the missed dose should be skipped to avoid the potential for an overdose. Patients should never take a double dose of this medication. Once the 14 day treatment with Prilosec is complete, the patient must wait at least 4 months before attempting another treatment. If an overdose is suspected, the patient should seek immediate emergency medical attention. An overdose will present with symptoms which include fast heart
rate, blurry vision, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, headaches, sweating, or dry mouth.
There is a risk of negative drug interactions associated with Prilosec. A thorough medical history should be understood prior to prescribing this medication. Patients should be urged to inquire with the prescribing physician before taking any new medications, including over the counter medications and herbal remedies. Medications with a known interaction with Prilosec include atazanavir
thinners, disulfiram, tacrolimus
medications, and iron supplements
Prilosec has the following structural formula:
Molecular formula of prilosec is C17H19N3O3S
Chemical IUPAC Name is 5-methoxy-2-[(4-methoxy-3,5-dimethyl-pyridin-2-yl)methylsulfinyl]-3H-benzoimidazole
Molecular weight is 345.417 g/mol
Prilosec available : 20mg delayed release capsule, 10mg delayed release capsule, 40mg delayed release capsule
Generic name: Omeprazole
Brand name(s): Antra, Audazol, Aulcer, Belmazol, Ceprandal, Danlox, Demeprazol, Desec, Dizprazol, Dudencer, Elgam, Emeproton, Epirazole, Erbolin, Exter, Gasec, Gastrimut, Gastroloc, Gibancer, Indurgan, Inhibitron, Inhipump, Lensor, Logastric, Lomac, Losec, Mepral, Miol, Miracid, Mopral, Morecon, Nilsec, Nopramin, Ocid, Olexin, Omapren, Omed, Omegast, Omepral, Omeprazol, Omeprazolum, Omeprazon, Omeprol, Omesek, Omezol, Omezolan, Omid, Omisec, Omizac, Ompanyt, Ortanol, Osiren, Ozoken, Paprazol, Parizac, Pepticum, Pepticus, Peptilcer, Prazentol, Prazidec, Prazolit, Procelac, Proclor, Prysma, Ramezol, Regulacid, Result, Sanamidol, Secrepina, Ulceral, Ulcesep, Ulcometion, Ulcozol, Ulcsep, Ulsen, Ultop, Ulzol, Victrix, Zefxon, Zegerid, Zepral, Zimor, Zoltum