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Rivotril

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Rivotril

Rivotril review





Rivotril belongs to the medicaments known as benzodiazepine. This group includes diazepam or Valium and flurazepam. Rivotril enhances the effects of the GABA neurotransmitter, inhibiting brain activity.

Patients with seizures, such as akinetic, petit mal, and myoclonus seizure, may take Rivotril. This medicament is also effective for relieving short-term anxiety symptoms. Rivotril can be used to complement other medicaments for seizure disorders.

Dosage depends on the patient and condition being treated. Adults suffering from seizures take 1.5 milligrams three times a day. The dosage can be increased to 1 milligram daily until the seizures are controlled. For patients with panic disorders the initial dose is .25 milligrams twice a day. The dose can be increased to 1 milligram a day after 3 days.

The most common side effect is sedation. About half the patients taking Rivotril experience sedation, while 1/3 experience dizziness, unsteadiness, and weakness. Other side effects include cephalalgia, laboriousy in sleeping, loss of orientation and depression.

Rivotril can result in physical dependence, which is typical with benzodiazepines. Patients who suddenly stop taking the medicament may experience side effects that include insomnia and agitation. Patients taking Rivotril for a longer period than prescribed may experience muscle cramping, seizure, vomiting, tremors, and sweating.

Like most antiepileptic medicaments, Rivotril results in an increased risk of patients having a suicidal behavior. Patients who use Rivotril should balance the risk with the clinical requirement for antiepileptic medicament.

Rivotril heightens the effects of medicaments that slow down the brain processes including alcohol, narcotics, and barbiturates.

Patients that are pregnant should not take Rivotril since it has been linked to fetal damage especially in the first few months of the pregnancy. Most healthcare professionals discourage patients that are pregnant from taking Rivotril throughout their pregnancy.

Before taking Rivotril, patients should tell their healthcare professionals if they have any atopy especially to benzodiazepines such as lorazepam and diazepam. Patients with liver disease, glaucoma, medicament dependency, kidney disease, breathing disorder, and mental disorder should discuss their condition with their healthcare professional before agreeing to take this medicament.

Taking Rivotril may make a patient dizzy or drowsy, so be cautious when driving or operating machinery. The elderly are also more susceptible to the side effects of Rivotril, most notably confusion and drowsiness.

Rivotril can have serious negative interactions with sodium oxybate. If a patient is taking oxybate, he or she must immediately inform their healthcare professional before beginning to take Rivotril. Patients should tell their healthcare professional all the medicaments - prescription or non-prescription - that they are taking.

Anti-depressants including fluoxetine, nefazodone, fluvoxamine can interact negatively with Rivotril. Other medicaments that cause drowsiness such as antihistamines, anti-anxiety, and anti-seizure medicaments can interact negatively with Rivotril.

Rivotril has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of rivotril


• Molecular formula of rivotril is C15H10ClN3O3
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 6-(2-chlorophenyl)-9-nitro-2,5-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undeca-5,8,10,12-tetraen-3-one
• Molecular weight is 315.711 g/mol
Rivotril available : 0.5mg tablets, 1mg tablets, 2mg tablets

Generic name: Clonazepam

Brand name(s): Antelepsin, Antilepsin, Chlonazepam, Cloazepam, Clonazepamum, Clonopin, Iktorivil, Klonopin, Landsen

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