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Tegretol

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Tegretol

Tegretol review





Tegretol, which can be generically prescribed as carbazepine, is also known as Carbatrol, Equetro, Tegretol XR, and Epitol. Tegretol is an anticonvulsant that is often used to control seizures as well as certain types of nerve pain. Tegretol has also been successfully used to treat adults with bipolar disorder.

Tegretol is not appropriate for everyone and should not be universally prescribed. A thorough medical history should be assessed prior to the prescription of this medication. Patients with a medical history which includes allergic or severe reactions to antidepressant medications, liver disease, bone marrow suppression, heart disease, congestive heart failure, glaucoma, mental illness, or lupus may not be able to take Tegretol or may require careful monitoring while undergoing drug therapy with this medication, depending on the condition and the severity of the condition. Patients who have taken an MAO inhibitor within the previous 14 absolutely can not Tegretol until a minimum window of 14 days has passed, otherwise life threatening interactions may occur.

The Food and Drug Administration rated Tegretol as a category D pregnancy risk, which means that Tegretol is likely to cause harm or birth defects to an unborn baby. Tegretol is likely to pass through the mother’s breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. The prescribing physician should not prescribe Tegretol to women who are pregnant, nursing, or are likely to become pregnant.

Side effects may occur while taking this medication. Some side effects may be severe. In the event of severe side effects or an allergic reaction the patient should be sent for the closet emergency medical attention possible. An allergic reaction is likely to present with symptoms such as facial swelling, including swelling of the lips, mouth, tongue, or throat, hives, and difficulty breathing. Other serious side effects which require medical attention may include symptoms like decreased urination, fever, sore throat, body aches, flu symptoms, white patches or sores on the mouth, a red and blistering or peeling rash, easy bruising, unexplained bleeding, white patches or sores in the throat, swelling of the ankles or feet, nausea, ringing in the ears, stomach pain, low fever, loss of appetite, jaundice, dark urine, clay colored stools, shortness of breath, or unusual weakness.

Other less serious side effects may also occur and are more common, although they typically do not require emergency medical treatment. Patients should report all side effects to the prescribing physician. Less serious side effects can be more tolerable when the dosage of Tegretol is adjusted. Symptoms of less serious side effects may include a feeling of unsteadiness, dry mouth, mild nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, stomach pain, a feeling of agitation, swollen tongue, joint pain, depression, ringing in the ears, confusion, headaches, blurry vision, muscle pain, or leg cramps.

It is vital that patients take Tegretol exactly as it has been prescribed for them. If the patient misses a dose, the dose should be taken as soon as possible unless it is almost time for the next scheduled dose. The patient should never take a double dose of this medication as this increases the likelihood of an overdose. In the event of a suspected overdose, the patient should seek emergency medical care without delay. The symptoms of an overdose may include symptoms such as restlessness, muscle twitching, shallow breathing, vomiting, decreased urination, lack of urination, nausea, vomiting, rapid heart rate, tremors, slurred speech, lightheadedness, staggering, or fainting. In some cases an overdose of Tegretol can cause death, depending on the severity of the overdose and the patient’s overall condition of health.

Patients should be urged to communicate with the prescribing physician to avoid potentially dangerous drug interactions. Medications which have known interaction with Tegretol include MAO inhibitors, grapefruit juice and grapefruit, antidepressants, heart medications, some blood pressure medication, some diet pills, and medications that are likely to cause drowsiness such as muscle relaxants, some antihistamines, some pain relievers or analgesics, some sleep aids, and some sedatives. Even cold medication is likely to interact with Tegretol. Patients should be urged to inquire with the prescribing physician before any change in medications or changes in dosages, including over the counter medications and herbal products.

Tegretol has the following structural formula:

Chemical structure of tegretol


• Molecular formula of tegretol is C15H12N2O
• Chemical IUPAC Name is 5H-dibenz[b,f]azepine-5-carboxamide
• Molecular weight is 236.269 g/mol
Tegretol available : 100mg chew tabs, 100mg/5ml suspension, 200mg tablets

Generic name: Carbamazepine

Brand name(s): Atretol, Biston, Calepsin, Carbamazepen, Carbamezepine, Carbatrol, Carbazepine, Carbelan, Epitol, Equetro, Finlepsin, Karbamazepin, Lexin, Neurotol, Novo-Carbamaz, Nu-Carbamazepine, Sirtal, Stazepin, Stazepine, Taro-Carbamazepine, Tegretal, Telesmin, Teril, Timonil

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