CORTISONE SHOTS DEFINITIONCortisone shots are injections that are typically done in order to relieve inflammation and pain in specific areas in your body. These injections are usually given in joints such as your wrist, spine, shoulder, knee, hip, elbow, and ankle, and may include a local anesthetic and a corticosteroid medication.
CORTISONE SHOTS PURPOSECortisone shots can be used to treat the following: Tennis elbow, tendinitis, sarcoidosis, rotator cuff injury, rheumatoid arthritis, reactive arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, pseudo-gout, plantar fasciitis, osteoarthritis, myofascial pain syndrome, Morton's neuroma, lupus, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, gout, frozen shoulder, De Quervain's tenosynovitis, chondromalacia patella, carpal tunnel syndrome, bursitis, and baker's cyst.
CORTISONE SHOTS RISKSRisks associated with cortisone shots include the infection of your joints, the thinning of skin and soft tissue in the injection site, the weakening or rupturing of tendons, the thinning of nearby bone, and the death of nearby bone, among many other risks.
CORTISONE SHOTS PREPARATION REQUIREDForgo blood-thinning medication intake for several days before your cortisone injections to reduce the risk for bruising and bleeding. There are dietary supplements that can double as blood thinners. Tell your doctor about your medical history and drug use prior to taking your cortisone shot.
CORTISONE SHOTS PROCEDUREYou'll first be made to change into a hospital gown. The injection site then cleaned and applied anesthetic spray. The needle is then inserted into the site. Be warned that there are some people who feel warmth in the face and chest after receiving the shot.
CORTISONE SHOTS COMPLICATIONSCortisone shots carry a risk for complications such as osteoporosis, osteocrosis, whitening or lightening of your skin around the injection site, the rupturing or weakening of your tendons, thinning of the skin and soft tissue around the injection site, nerve damage, cartilage deterioration, and joint infection.
CORTISONE SHOTS SIDE EFFECTSSide effects include pain at the injection site, infection, temporary flare of pain, joint inflammation, bruising, and excessive bleeding (the latter two is especially likely if you've recently taken anticoagulants). If symptoms persist, consult your doctor.
CORTISONE SHOTS RESULTSThe reason for the treatment will determine whether the results of your cortisone shot are successful or not. Keep in mind that within two days, you may experience inflammation and a temporary flare in pain after the treatment. After that 48-hour period, you should expect decreased swelling and soreness at the injection site. As usual, if the pain and swelling continues for more than two days, call your nearest healthcare professional.