CYTOSCOPY DEFINITIONCystoscopy is a method of seeing the insides of your urethra and urinary bladder. It involves a hollow scope known as a cystoscope equipped with a lens that's inserted into your urethra and slowly advanced into your bladder. It analyzes your bladder's lining as well as your urethra's health.
CYTOSCOPY PURPOSECystoscopy is used to treat, monitor, or otherwise diagnose issues affecting the urethra and bladder. Common reasons to undergo this procedure as advised by your doctor include treating bladder diseases, diagnosing an enlarged prostrate, diagnosing urinary tract diseases and bladder conditions, and investigating the causes of bladder signs and symptoms.
CYTOSCOPY RISKSBecause cystoscopy is an invasive procedure that involves inserting a cystoscope into your urethra, there's a risk for extreme pain, a burning sensation when urinating, bleeding from the insertion site, and even infection.
CYTOSCOPY PREPARATION REQUIREDYou may need to take antibiotics prescribed by your doctor. You should also take the test only after emptying your bladder. Expect anesthesia or sedation. If you're taking your sedative intravenously, plan ahead for your recovery.
CYTOSCOPY PROCEDUREWhile lying down on a table, your feet positioned in stirrups so that they're elevated, the cystoscope is inserted into your urethra. The lens at the end of the cystoscope serves as a magnifier that enlarges the inner surfaces of your bladder and urethra. Once the cystoscope reaches your bladder, it will be flooded with a sterile solution.
CYTOSCOPY COMPLICATIONSA cystoscopy may induce a burning sensation while peeing, abdominal pain, some blood in your urine, and infection due to cystoscopy introducing germs and bacteria into your urinary tract. The procedure can also aggravate an existing urinary tract infection. There's also a small chance of an allergic reaction from sedatives.
CYTOSCOPY SIDE EFFECTSPain is the foremost side effect of having a cystoscopy. You should check into the nearest emergency room or call your doctor if you experience persistent pain or burning during urination 48 hours after the cystoscopy, 100 Fahrenheit fever, and bright red blood in your urine.
CYTOSCOPY RESULTSDepending on the circumstances, the doctor can immediately discuss with you the results of the procedure as soon as it's over or do so in a follow-up appointment. If the cystoscopy collected a tissue sample from your bladder, then it will take a little longer to gather a full report on your urinary tract health. Ask your healthcare provider when you can get the results of your cystoscopy.