EGD DEFINITIONEsophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD or endoscopy) is a procedure that visually analyzes your upper digestive system by inserting a tube with a tiny camera on the end of it (endoscope) into your body. Your gastroenterologist uses EGD to treat or diagnose conditions that affect the duodenum, stomach, and esophagus.
EGD PURPOSEEGD is useful in diagnosing or even treating conditions that affect the upper part of your digestive system. Your doctor may prescribe an EGD in order to be used in tandem with procedures like ultrasound, treat certain digestive system problems, diagnose digestive conditions and diseases, and investigate cases of digestive distress.
EGD RISKSThere are certain risks involved when undergoing EGD. An endoscopy can cause bleeding, infection, tearing of the gastrointestinal tract, and a multitude of signs and symptoms such as fever and difficulty in swallowing.
EGD PREPARATION REQUIREDWhen preparing for an EGD, you need to do the following: Tell your doctor about your medical and drug use history, fast before the EGD, and perhaps plan ahead for your recovery afterwards (i.e., because you'll be requiring sedation for the operation, have someone drive you home afterwards).
EGD PROCEDUREEGDs can be done in a hospital, an outpatient surgery center, or your doctor's office. First, you'll be sedated. Afterwards, your mouth will be sprayed with anesthetic. The endoscope is then inserted into your mouth; you may be asked to swallow it down as it passes through your throat.
The camera observes the state of your gastrointestinal tract, and it can even collect tissue samples or remove polyps as well. Once the exam is finished, the endoscope is slowly retracted from the inside of your body.
EGD COMPLICATIONSYou may experience bleeding complications from biopsies, infections, and tearing of the gastrointestinal tract. You may need a blood transfusion to treat excessive bleeding (a rare occurrence), antibiotics to treat infections, and hospitalization or surgery to repair internal gastrointestinal wounds.
EGD SIDE EFFEGDSThe immediate side effects of EGD are sore throat, cramping, bloating, and gas. Contact your doctor promptly if after endoscopy, you experience difficulty swallowing, vomiting, shortness of breath, black or dark-colored stool, chest pain, severe abdominal pain, and fever.
EGD RESULTSDepending on the reason behind the EGD, you may get the results right away or within several days. Endoscopy-assisted ulcer treatment, for example, will provide immediate findings right after the EGD. However, a biopsy of tissue or polyps may require several days of laboratory testing.