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Kidney Biopsy

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KIDNEY BIOPSY DEFINITION

A renal biopsy, more popularly known as a kidney biopsy, is a procedure involving the removal of a small piece of your kidney tissue for microscope examination for any signs of disease or damage. It's usually recommended if imaging techniques, urine tests, and blood tests aren't enough to provide information regarding your kidney problems.

KIDNEY BIOPSY PURPOSE

A renal biopsy is typically done in order to find out if a transplanted kidney is working properly or not, evaluate how well the treatment for a kidney disease is going, determine how quickly a kidney disease is worsening, develop treatment plans based on the condition of your kidney, and diagnose kidney problems in a more accurate manner.

KIDNEY BIOPSY RISKS

There are actually a lot of risks when undergoing a kidney biopsy, chief among them pain at the biopsy site, blood in the urine, damage to the nearby artery walls, hematoma around the kidney, and infection.

KIDNEY BIOPSY PREPARATION REQUIRED

KIDNEY BIOPSY
Image: KIDNEY BIOPSY
Before undergoing this procedure, you need to first talk to your doctor about the medications you're taking (NSAIDs, fish oil, gingko, aspirin, ibuprofen, and warfarin), provide blood and urine samples, and go on a diet wherein you won't eat or drink for eight hours prior to kidney biopsy.

KIDNEY BIOPSY PROCEDURE

The procedure itself entails putting a thin needle through the skin in order to take a sample of kidney tissue in your body. An imaging device is typically needed in order to guide the needle to where one of your kidneys is in order to remove the sample it requires.

KIDNEY BIOPSY COMPLICATIONS

Complications after getting a kidney biopsy include pain that lasts beyond a few hours, hematuria or blood in the urine, arteriovenous fistula or accidental damage of vein or artery walls, and hematoma or collection of blood around the kidney that may need surgical drainage.

KIDNEY BIOPSY SIDE EFFECTS

After the procedure, you'll be immediately taken to the recovery room in order to deal with the following likeliest side effects, such as pain and soreness on the biopsy site for hours on end.

KIDNEY BIOPSY RESULTS

Regardless of the reason why the doctor did the kidney biopsy, the results will either reflect abnormalities, lack thereof, or the healing progress of your kidney. The pathology report will arrive around a week, although urgent results can be available within less than a day. The results will tell you what's wrong with your kidney and how to go about treating that problem.
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