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Knee Osteotomy

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KNEE OSTEOTOMY DEFINITION

Knee osteotomy is a procedure that is done to people who suffer from arthritis damage but is below the age of 55 and is too young for a total knee replacement. However, in many cases, those who undergo this surgical procedure also embrace total knee replacement, about a decade after the osteotomy.

KNEE OSTEOTOMY PURPOSE

This procedure is done to balance out the knobs on the knees so your body weight is shifted to the side of the knee that is undamaged.

KNEE OSTEOTOMY RISKS

The risks involved with knee osteotomy include infection in the bone itself or the surrounding tissues. You may also suffer injury to the nerves and blood vessels that surround your knee.

KNEE OSTEOTOMY PREPARATION REQUIRED

You will need to undergo several tests so your doctor will establish whether a knee osteotomy is actually suitable to for your condition. Those evaluations will also help your doctor to determine how much correction is required so an appropriate treatment plan may be developed. You will also be given special instructions regarding your diet and your drug intake. Make sure to follow your surgeon’s advice.

KNEE OSTEOTOMY PROCEDURE

In a knee osteotomy, you will be given an anesthetic before an incision is made. The area of the bone to be remodeled would depend on the severity of your arthritis damage as well as its location. Usually, the shinbone is involved in this procedure. At other times, the thighbone is also involved.
KNEE OSTEOTOMY
Image: KNEE OSTEOTOMY
A wedge of a bone is either removed or added as need be in order to straighten out the problem.

KNEE OSTEOTOMY COMPLICATIONS

As with any form of surgery, an infection is always a possibility. Depending how mild or severe the infection is, you will be treated for it either with antibiotics or other treatment plans.

KNEE OSTEOTOMY SIDE EFFECTS

Pain and discomfort during the healing process are almost expected. However, as your symptoms improve, those kinds of discomforts will naturally disappear, unless there are injuries to your nerves or blood vessels.

KNEE OSTEOTOMY RESULTS

You need to ensure your bone heals properly so you will need to move supported with crunches at least two months after the procedure. Depending on how well you recover and your rehabilitation plan, you will experience an improved balance and strengthened knee.
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