URINE CYTOLOGY DEFINITIONUrine cytology is a test that involves looking through your urine for abnormal tests. This test is designed to go along with other procedures and tests in order to screen and diagnose any possible urinary tract cancers. It's specifically useful in diagnosing different urinary tract cancers or recurrences of such.
URINE CYTOLOGY PURPOSEUrine cytology is primarily utilized with other tests and procedures to diagnose urinary tract cancers such as bladder cancer, ureteral cancer, urethra cancer, and kidney cancer. Your doctor may suggest taking this exam if blood has been detected in your urine. It can also be used to monitor the treatment of urinary tract cancer patients.
URINE CYTOLOGY RISKSCollecting urine through a sterile container is perfectly safe and carries no risk. However, collecting lots of urine by inserting into your urethra a catheter carries a risk of urinary tract infection.
URINE CYTOLOGY PREPARATION REQUIREDScheduling is your main concern when preparing for a urine cytology test. Schedule it sometime after your first morning urination, because urine during your morning urination cannot be used for this test because cells held overnight inside your bladder will degrade, making laboratory analysis difficult.
URINE CYTOLOGY PROCEDUREFirst, your urine will be collected either via a sterile container or through a catheter in your urethra. You may need to give out additional urine samples after the following days to increase the accuracy of the urine cytology test. They're then all sent to the lab for examination.
URINE CYTOLOGY COMPLICATIONSThere are no complications to urinating through a sterile container for urine collection. However, you risk urinary tract infection by going through the catheter route of urine collection. If you need pain killers to have the hollow tube inserted into your urethra in the first place, then there's an added risk of an allergic reaction to them.
URINE CYTOLOGY SIDE EFFECTSThere is none for the sterile container urine collection method. Pain is the immediate side effect of going the catheter route of urine collection, although you can avoid that by taking pain killers prior to catheter insertion.
URINE CYTOLOGY RESULTSThe pathologist will send the urine cytology results to your doctor, who will then call you in order to report to you the outcome. You may repeat the test if they got an unsatisfactory sample, report a negative if you have no cancer cells, atypical if there are some abnormalities in your urine, and a positive if there are cancer cells found in your urine.